Please see War Memorials and Rolls of Honour for the names of local WW1 soldiers and links to other soldier's stories.
Douglas Henry Loukes
Douglas Loukes was born in 1880 in Brightside, Sheffield. His father was Charles Rippon Loukes who was born on 4 December 1849 in Sheffield, the fourth of eleven children of Henry Loukes, a saw handle maker, and his wife Selina Rippon who had married in Sheffield in 1844. Douglas's mother was Rebecca Wilkinson who was born in Selby in 1852, the third of four children of William Wilkinson, a rope maker, and his wife Ann Robinson who married on 7 May 1848 at Selby Abbey Church.
Douglas's parents married at the Selby Abbey Church on 3 September 1876. Charles was a pearl and ivory carver and fluter working in the cutlery trade in Sheffield. In the census on 3 April 1881, Charles and Rebecca were living at 78 Petre Street, Brightside with the first three of their children: Charles William Rippon (born 10 September 1877), Rebecca Wilkinson (born 6 October 1878) and Douglas Henry (born 10 February 1880). Five more children were born before the next census: Frederick Percival on 3 October 1881, Bernard Robinson on 6 July 1883, Laurence Ewart on 13 July 1885, Sydney Harold on 16 April 1887 and Lilian Irene on 3 June 1889. In the next census on 5 April 1891 the Loukes family were living at 12 Burngreave Bank.
The Loukes were at the same address in the 1901 Census which shows that three of the sons, Charles, Frederick and Laurence had followed their father's occupation. Bernard had become an accountant's clerk whilst Douglas had become an architect's clerk. He had passed national examinations at Sheffield School of Art in Architecture and Technological Drawing in 1899. In 1905 Douglas was a prizewinner at the Sheffield Society of Architects and Surveyors annual awards. The following year he married Alice Maud Trower who was born in Sheffield on 19 March 1881, the fifth of seven children of William Trower, a fitter and turner, and his wife Sarah Ann Lighton who had married in Norwich, Norfolk in 1869.
Douglas and Alice had two children born in Sheffield, Dorothy on 7 April 1908 and Donald on 18 February 1911, shortly before the census was taken which showed them living at 364 Pitsmoor Road. Soon after they must have moved to Totley because both Kelly's and White's trade directories for 1912 show them living at Inglewood, 40 Main Avenue. A third child, Nora, was born on 10 June 1916. Kelly's Directory for that year shows Douglas at the same address.
Presumably after 1916, he must have enlisted in the Notts and Derby Regiment (the Sherwood Foresters). All we have seen is his war pension record that shows that when he was discharged on 29 November 1919 he was Acting Corporal D. H. Loukes, number 204766. Douglas received a disability pension as a result of varicose veins (aggravated by military service) and "DAH", disorderly action of the heart, (attributable to military service). Three of Douglas's brothers also served in the army during the war and survived. Bernard, Lawrence and George all served with both the Lincolnshire Regiment and the Labour Corps and were each awarded the British War Medal and Victory Medal.
Douglas's older brother Charles had married Sybil Blythe Watson in 1904. Three daughters were born in Sheffield before the family moved to Totley at much the same time as Douglas and his family. Their eldest daughter, Gladys, was admitted to Totley Church School in April 1913, the same month as Dorothy but being a year older she had been previously schooled at Firshill. Charles and his family also lived at Main Avenue. He was now managing the family pearl and ivory fluting business at 8 Holtwood Road, Pitsmoor following the death of his father. Charles and wife Sybil were still in Totley in 1939 having moved to 11 Green Oak Road.
Douglas and his family, however, left our area in the early 1920s to go to Cambridge. They lived at 55 Victoria Park in 1925 and were still there ten years later. By 1939 they had moved to nearby 6 Gilbert Road, both addresses being in the Chesterton district of the city. In the same year Douglas designed a new drill hall for the Territorial Army in Ely and in 1940 he was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects. Alice Loukes died on 14 April 1957 at Hope Nursing Home, Cambridge. She was aged 76. After her death Douglas moved to 68 Green End Road, Cambridge. He also died at Hope Nursing Home on on 12 February 1960, two days after his 80th birthday.
Harold Hobson Mawson
Harold Hobson Mawson was born in Attercliffe, Sheffield on 14 April 1893. His father was John William Mawson who was born in Sheffield on 5 February 1869, the only son of William Mawson, a butcher, and his wife Catherine Hobson who married at Holy Trinity Church, The Wicker on 31 March 1868. Harold's mother was Mary Hannah Armitage, known as Polly, who was born on 18 July 1872 at Blacker Hill, near Worsbrough, the fourth of five children of John William Armitage, also a butcher, and his wife Jane Newboult who had married in Barnsley in 1862.
The Mawson family's connection with Totley dates from around 1880 when William Mawson, Harold's grandfather, moved his butchers business here from Addy Street, Upperthorpe. William was probably the first tenant at the newly built shops at the top of Bricky Row (69 Baslow Road). From newspaper advertisements we can see William was still there in 1889 but by 1891 he had moved to 11 Ellin Street, Moorfoot, Sheffield. John followed his father's trade and in the 1891 Census he was working as a butcher's journeyman on a farm in Worsbrough. John married Polly Armitage on 18 October 1892 at Worsbrough Parish Church. He may have been working for the Armitage family who had a butchers shop at Blacker Hill.
Harold was John and Polly's first child, born the following year, when they were living at 29 Attercliffe Road. They must have moved around a lot in the next few years judging from the baptisms of their children. Leonard was born on 1 December 1904 when they lived at at Woodbine Cottages, Tankersley; Reginald was born on 26 March 1897 when they lived at Prospect Place, Hoyland; John William junior was on 23 January 1900 when they lived at Queen Street, Hoyland Common. In the Census on 31 March 1901 the Mawson family were still living at Queen Street but John's occupation was no longer a butcher. He had become a labourer at a chemical works.
By 17 June 1901, however, the Mawson family had moved to Greenoak, Totley, the three eldest boys being admitted to Totley Church School on that day. In August 1902 Harold came second in a competition for boys aged 9-10 at the 18th Annual Dore, Totley and Holmesfield Agricultural and Horticultural Society's Exhibition. Hedley Bishop, one of the ten soldiers on Totley War Memorial came first. John and Polly's next child. Muriel, was born in Totley and baptised at Christ Church, Dore on 23 September 1903. Their stay in our area was a relatively short one, however, as their sixth child, Marjorie Sheila was born in Barnsley in 1910.
In the Census on 2 April 1911, Harold is recorded as being a draper's assistant but on 9 October that year, when aged 18, he enlisted as Private number 3224 in the 2nd Battalion of the Northumberland Fusiliers. He stayed with the army for more than seven years. Harold's WW1 service record has not survived but we know from later documents that he was sent to France with the British Expeditionary Force on 8 February 1915 and that he suffered a gunshot wound to the head. He was discharged on 22 January 1919 having been promoted to the rank of Colour Sergeant (Company Quartermaster Sergeant). The reason given for his discharge was that he was no longer fit for war service. Harold was later awarded the 1915 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal.
Whilst he was in the army, Harold married Margaret McArdle in Barnsley on 20 November 1916. Margaret was born on 14 or 15 April 1895 (dates vary) in Sunderland, Durham, the seventh of ten children of John Patrick McArdle, a road labourer, and his wife Sarah Ann Alderson who married at St. Paul's, Hendon, Durham on 24 July 1877. During the war Margaret lived at 2 Grace Street, Sunderland. Her two younger brothers, Philip and Bernard, served with the Durham Light Infantry.
After leaving the Army, Harold enlisted in the RAF on 22 August 1919 and was promoted to sergeant eight days later. It appears that the gunshot wound from WW1 was no handicap to his employment as a payroll clerk but when it was found that he also had a heart condition he was once again discharged unfit for service having served only 140 days in the RAF. He became an accountant and on 4 December 1938 he again enlisted as an RAF reservist. He was recalled from reserve on 25 August 1939 but we have no further information about his service during WW2.
Harold and Margaret had four children: Sheila born in Barnsley in 1918, Doreen born in Sunderland in 1919, Harold junior also born in Sunderland in 1921 and finally Kenneth born in Barnsley in 1927. By 1939 Harold's family were living at 155 Doncaster Road, Barnsley, close to his parents who were at number 230. Harold and Margaret later moved to 163 Doncaster Road where Margaret died on 14 May 1972 aged 77. We have been unable so far to confirm the date of Harold's death.
William Ongley Miller
William Ongley Miller was born in Haywards Heath, Sussex in 1883. His father was Frederick Miller, who was born in 1850 in Hailsham, Sussex, the fifth of eight children of Edward Miller, a chemist and later photographer, and his wife Susannah Doubell who had married at Trinity Church, Maidstone, Kent on 23 August 1843. William's mother was Matilda Goldsmith who was born in Newenden, Kent in 1848, the fifth of seven children of William Goldsmith, an agricultural labourer, and his wife Sarah Manser who had married in Rye, Sussex in 1838.
In the 1871 Census, Fred Miller was in service as a footman in the household of William Brodie in Devonshire Place, Eastbourne, Sussex. Matilda Goldsmith was working as a parlourmaid for James Van Sommer in nearby Burlington Place. It would seem that they met through Esther Goldsmith, possibly Matlida's aunt, who was the Brodie's cook. After their marriage in Eastbourne on 4 March 1874 Fred and Matilda went to live in Brede, near Rye, Sussex where their first child Frederick Douglas was born on 6 December 1874. Their next child, Florence Matilda, was born in Brighton in 1879 but when the next census was taken, on 3 April 1881, the Millers had moved to 2 Vaudois, South Road, Haywards Heath and Fred had become an artist in watercolours.
Daughter Elsie Louisa was born on 2 June 1881 and William Ongley on 21 October 1883. William's unusual middle name had been passed down from Fanny Ongley who married his great grandfather Thomas Miller at St. George, Hanover Square, Westminster on 18 October 1814. Another son, Malcolm Doubell, was seven weeks old when the 1891 census was taken. The Miller family was recorded living at Gordon Villa, South Road, Haywards Heath. Fred was working as a school drawing master and eldest son Douglas had become an apprentice photographer, following his grandfather's trade.
In 1896 Douglas opened the Mid-Sussex Photographic Studio at 16 Boltro Road, Haywards Heath. The studio was spacious with reception rooms and Douglas was able to defray his costs by renting out part of his premises to an ophthalmic optician. He still lived with his parents, however, who by 1901 were at Laurel Villa, Sydney Road, Haywards Heath. On 18 February 1905, Douglas married Kate Elizabeth, the elder daughter of David Peerless, a timber merchant, at the Countess of Huntingdon's Church, North Street, Brighton.
By 1911 only daughter Elsie was left at home with Fred and Matilda at Laurel Villa. Douglas and his family were living at 9 Boltro Road, across the road from his original studio. Malcolm was at 12 Prince Albert Street, Brighton where he worked for and lodged with Stewart Acton who dealt in and restored antique pottery and porcelain. William who had earlier studied at the Brighton School of Art was now lodging at 36 Danvers Street, Chelsea and studying at the Royal College of Art. He was awarded their diploma later that year.
On 31 December 1912 William married Eva Worsley, a school teacher, at Tilston, near Malpas, Cheshire. Eva was born in Cheadle, Cheshire on 30 May 1888, the second of five children of Samuel Worsley, a joiner, and his wife Martha Ann Catterall who were married at St. Chad's, Prees, Shropshire on 9 March 1886. After their marriage they moved to our area where William took up a teaching role at Sheffield School of Art. They lived at Mooredge, (6) Leyfield Road, Dore. A daughter Winifred Elsie was born on 11 October 1913.
William was aged 31 when war broke out. He attested on 9 December 1915 in Sheffield and was mobilised on 24 June 1916. Two days later he was posted to the 3rd Battalion Notts and Derby Regiment (the Sherwood Foresters) as Private number 49226. William qualified on a rifle training course on 22 September 1916 at Tyne Garrison, East Boldon, near Sunderland but on 21 October he suffered an injury to his knee whilst on ordinary military duties at nearby Cleaden Hutments. It was thought to be a temporary injury and he was promoted to acting corporal on 28 October. However, the injury proved to be more serious than at first thought and he was transferred to army reserve on 3 April 1917 and finally discharged on 25 October 1917 no longer fit for war service.
William's younger brother Malcolm also served in the war, attesting in Brighton on 4 September 1914. He was posted to the Royal Army Medical Corps as Private number 40841. Malcolm's war lasted only 175 days before he too was discharged no longer fit for war service on 25 February 1915. His medical condition is not stated on the surviving pages of his war service record.
William's older brother Douglas had become very well known in mid Sussex. As well as studio photographs he also published postcards of scenes around Sussex that he and perhaps others had photographed. He also encouraged his wife, a pianoforte teacher, in her many activities including musical concerts and support for the Women's Total Abstinence Union and women's suffrage. Douglas became the secretary of the Haywards Heath Liberal club but he gave that up in June 1915 when the club premises were occupied by the army. In February 1916 he sold his photographic studios in Boltro Road to a competitor, Ebenezer William Pannell (1886-1951), and moved to 4 Westbourne Terrace, Worthing.
Douglas Miller had been granted exemption from combatant services as a conscientious objector. When he subsequently ignored his calling-up papers he was arrested as an absentee under the Military Services Act. He was brought up before the Mayor at the police station on 13 September 1918 and fined £2 and told that he had forfeited the protection he had received from combatant service by failing to answer his call-up notice. So far as we know that was the end of the matter. Douglas continued to make a living from selling picture postcards. The excellent Sussex Postcards website says that he published well over 1,500 different cards and with minor variations possibly as many as 2,500. Kate Miller died in Hove on 19 March 1959, aged 83. Douglas died on 7 June 1961 at the Southlands Hospital, Shoreham-by-Sea, aged 96.
Fred Miller died on 26 June 1917 at the Royal Sussex County Hospital in Brighton following a bowel operation. He was buried at the Extra Mural Cemetery, Brighton three days later. Fred had specialised in marine painting, working in both oils and watercolours, but he also painted landscapes particularly of scenes in the Cuckfield and Haywards Heath area. His works were exhibited at the Royal Academy and Royal Society of British Artists. His widow Matilda continued to live at Laurel Villa until around 1930 but later moved to 124 Waldegrave Road, Brighton where in 1939 she was living with her daughter Elsie and sister-in-law Flora. She died in Brighton in 1947, aged 99. Elsie died in Brighton in 1973. She was aged 92 and unmarried.
After leaving the army William resumed his role at the Sheffield School of Art until around 1920 when he took a post at the Manchester School of Art for several years before moving back south to become the Headmaster of Gravesend School of Art, Kent. In September 1928 he was short-listed for the post of Principal of the Sheffield College of Arts and Crafts, as it had become known, but was ultimately unsuccessful. In the 1939 Register William was the Head of the renamed Gravesend School of Arts and Crafts and was living at The Heights, 44 Pine Avenue, Gravesend together with wife Eva and daughter Winifred who had become an assistant mistress at a secondary school. Winifred married Gerard Henry Tallack, a journalist with the Financial Times, in 1941.
After William retired, he and Eva continued to live at The Heights until her death on 11 February 1957, aged 68. William later lived with his daughter and son-in-law at 38 Canonbury Park South, Islington. Middlesex. He died on 10 May 1960 at St. Joseph's Hospice, Mare Street, South Hackney. He was aged 76. His works were exhibited at the Royal Academy, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool and Manchester City Art Gallery which still holds a rather unflattering portrait of his daughter which he painted in 1929.
Joseph Wharton Muxlow
Joe Muxlow was born in Sheffield on 21 June 1900. His father was Edgar Muxlow who was born in Sheffield on 31 July 1874, the youngest of six children of Joseph Jackson (known as "J. J.") Muxlow, a steel manufacturer, and his wife Elizabeth Grace Hawley Wharton who married in Sheffield in 1862. Joe's mother was Margaret Annie Havenhand, who was born in Sheffield on 24 September 1878, the youngest of seven children of James Havenhand, also a steel manufacturer, and his wife Margaret Smith who had married in Conisbrough, Yorkshire on 5 February 1859.
The firm of Muxlow & Knott had been started in 1877 by Joe's grandfather and his business partner Edmund Knott. They were steel manufacturers and merchants as well as importers and exporters of all kinds of silver and electro-plated goods including cutlery. Their business was at first at Pothouse Lane, Attercliffe but later at the Hope Steel Works, Renton Street off Ecclesall Road. By the turn of the century the two original partners were in their mid sixties and in semi retirement, having begun the process of handing over the running of the firm to their offspring. J. J. Muxlow was living in Southport, Lancashire, although he still owned The Elms, Old Hay Lane, Dore which he appears to have bought in the mid 1890s.
Edgar was his only surviving son as his other son, Arthur, had died aged 12 in 1878. Edgar had been groomed to take over the business having studied metallurgy as a young man. He had married Maggie Havenhand at the beginning of 1900 and they made their home at Cavendish Villas, 13 Devonshire Road. Four children were born soon after: Joe on 21 June 1900, Kathleen on 17 July 1901, Charles on 21 February 1903 and finally Reginald on 2 November 1906.
In November 1905 the informal business arrangements were crystallized with the creation of a new company, Muxlow and Knott Limited, to take over the existing partnership business. The first directors were to be J. J. and Edgar Muxlow and Edmund Knott with the wives of all three directors also shareholders. When Edmund Knott died on 22 March 1910, aged 75, his eldest son Charles Edmund took his place on the board of directors. J .J. Muxlow died at The Elms, Dore on 12 April 1911 and was buried at Sheffield General Cemetery three days later. He was aged 74.
We know little of Joe's life before or indeed during the war. He had been ten in 1911 and a scholar. After school he had become a motor engineer but on 19 June 1918 he enlisted in the RAF. He was sent to France on 1 March 1919 and on 9 May he suffered a facial injury. Joe was transferred to RAF Reserve on 19 November 1919 and on 30 April 1920 was discharged from the RAF. Back in civilian life he became a foreman motor fitter and electrician. Then on 3 December 1938 he enlisted in the RAF Reserve and appears to have been activated on 17 January 1939. Unfortunately we do not have information about his service in WW2.
Meanwhile his father, Edgar, had come a prominent local figure. A Freemason, he became the first Worshipful Master of the Beauchief Abbey Lodge following its consecration in April 1917. In March 1919 he was elected to represent Dore on the Sheffield and Ecclesall Board of Guardians and continued to serve until its functions were taken over by Sheffield City Council. In local politics Edgar served for many years on the Dore Parish Council and was chairman of the Norton Rural Council and active in opposition to Dore and Totley's absorption into Sheffield. Edgar Muxlow died on 22 September 1939 and was buried three days later at Dore Christ Church in the same grave as his father-in-law, James Havenhand. He was aged 65. In 1944 Maggie Muxlow re-married to Samuel Alfred Gregory, a cutlery manufacturer, who had lost his first wife Lily in 1943. Maggie died at Ecclesfield on 23 February 1964, aged 85.
In late 1945 Joe married Beatrice Emma, the widow of Sam Coates, dairyman of 315 Baslow Road who had died in 1942. Beatrice had been born on 11 May 1902 at Whittington, Derbyshire, the third of four children of John Bush, a coal miner, and his wife Emma Edwards who had married at St. Mary and All Saints, Chesterfield on 4 June 1895. Beatrice had married Sam at All Saints, Totley on 2 April 1923 and had a daughter, Jean, who had been baptised at All Saints on 23 April 1932. Beatrice and Joe appear to have had a son Joseph born in 1946. Joe died in 1971 aged 70 and Beatrice in 1986 aged 83.
Edmund Draper Nicholls
Eddie Nicholls was born in Sheffield in 1899. His father was Albert Edward Nicholls who was born in Chesterfield in 1871, the fourth of five children of John Nicholls, a commercial traveller, and his wife Martha Woodcock who married in 1862 at the Independent Salem Chapel, Wingerworth, Derbyshire. Eddie's mother was Lilian Draper who was born in Sheffield in 1872, the first of eight children of Edmund Draper, a cutlery manufacturer, and his wife Eliza Johnson who married at the Queen Street Chapel, Sheffield 28 February 1871.
Eddie's parents married on 1 June 1898 at the Cemetery Road Congregational Church, Sheffield. Eddie was their first child born on 23 June the following year. Albert had been a cutlery manager in Sheffield but by the next census on 31 March 1901, he had become a commercial traveller and the family were living at 131 Colworth Road, Leytonstone in Essex where a second son, William Frank Harwood had been born on 5 February 1901.
Albert was staying with his wife's parents at 13 Westbrook Bank, Sharrow in the 1911 Census. Edmund Draper had sold his John Street cutlery business in 1893 and become a spade manufacturer. We have been unable to trace where Lilian and the two children were living. They may have been still in Essex as there is an address for Albert of 9 Seymour Gardens, Ilford mentioned on Eddie's war service record and in 1911 that address was occupied by the family of another Sheffield-born commercial traveller. Certainly by July 1917 the family were living at Rosemeath (probably number 8), Devonshire Road as the house was being advertised for sale with Albert named as the occupier.
Eddie was only aged 15 when war broke out. He was 17 years 3 months old when he attested in Sheffield on 7 October 1916 and joined the 5th Reserve Battalion of the West Yorkshire Regiment as
Private number 79975. His civilian occupation was shown as a clerk. He was mobilised on 28 June 1918 and he served on the Home Front. On 20 November 1918 he was sent to France with the British
Expeditionary Force. He served in France until 12 February 1919 when he embarked at Boulogne for demobilisation which took place on 14 March 1919. Eddie returned home to Rosemeath but the family
later moved to Burngill (possibly number 40), Busheywood Road.
On 1 December 1926 at St Augustine's Church, Endcliffe, the marriage took place of William Nicholls and Mina Selina Ashby, the daughter of Albert Richard Ashby, a commercial traveller, of 21 Bents Green Avenue. Eddie Nicholls was his brother's best man and Laura Evelyn Unwin was one of Mina's two bridesmaids. Eddie and Evelyn were both enthusiastic members of the Dore and Totley Union Church Literary Society and were amongst the cast of players in its dramatic events. It was at the church on Totley Brook Road that they were married on 18 June 1927.
Evelyn had been born in Dore on 17 December 1904, the only daughter of James Sydney Unwin and his wife Harriet Ann Barton who married in Sheffield in 1900. The Unwins lived at Westbourne, 38 Totley Brook Road where James ran a dairy. They also owned the adjoining house, Eastbourne, which they rented out. They had a son, Ronald Sydney Barton Unwin, who also served during the war and is commemorated on the same roll of hour at the Dore and Totley United Reformed Church.
Eddie and Evelyn had a daughter, Jean, born on 13 October 1928. They lived at 8 Abbeydale Park Rise according to the 1932 Kelly's Directory which shows Eddie to be a coal merchant. His father Albert Edward Nicholls died in Holborn, London on 3 March in the same year and was buried at Dore Christ Church four days later. In the 1939 Register Eddie's occupation had changed again. He was now an education welfare officer and his family were living at 38 Furniss Avenue with Evelyn's parents. He would still have the same occupation in 1958 when he was granted probate on his mother's will. Lilian Nicholls, of 23 Chatsworth Road, Totley Rise died on 29 October at the age of 84. In later life, Eddie and Evelyn moved to 33 King Ecgbert Road. Eddie Nicholls died in 1993 at the age of 93. Evelyn died on 16 October 1997 aged 92.
William and Mina Nicholls were living at Cranstead, 140 Greenhill Avenue, Sheffield in 1939 and William was employed as a works representative and manager for a spade company, surely the same one started by Edmund Draper who had died on 12 March 1929. They remained at the same house for the rest of their lives, William dying on 27 November 1978, aged 79, and Mina on 10 February 1984, aged 84. It appears that they had no children.
Eric Oswald Nicholls
Eric Oswald Nicholls was born in Totley in 1900. His father was Percy Horace Nicholls who was born in Chesterfield in 1874, the youngest of five children of John Nicholls, a commercial traveller, and his wife Martha Woodcock who married in 1862 at the Independent Salem Chapel, Wingerworth, Derbyshire. Eric's mother was Ann Elizabeth Rodgers who was born in Sheffield in 1874, the first of three children of Henry Rodgers, an etcher and gilder, and his first wife Elizabeth Hoyland who married in Sheffield in 1872.
Eric's parents were married at the Congregational Church on Cemetery Road, Sheffield on 25 October 1897. He was their only child born on 16 May 1900 in Totley when they were living on (Queen) Victoria Road. In the 1901 Census they were recorded at 137 Club Garden Road, Highfield with Ann's father Henry Rodgers, his second wife Lucilla, nee Evans, and their 11 year old daughter, Ellen. Percy Nicholls was working as a solicitor's clerk. Perhaps it was just a short stay because the next time we have found them is in 1905 when Eric was admitted to Totley Church School on 5 September. Unfortunately the admissions register does not state when he left the school but in the next census on 2 May 1911 the Nicholls family were living at 149 Penrhyn Road, Hunter's Bar. Eric's father was now working for the Education Department as a committee clerk and book-keeper.
Eric's war service record has not survived but we know that he enlisted as Private number 49841 in the Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry on 14 February 1918. His war lasted just eight months. He was discharged on 11 October 1918 no longer physically fit for war service. He was found to suffer from diabetes. The condition had been aggravated by his military service which entitled him to a small disability pension. Eric was issued with Silver War Badge B/126985. His address on his discharge was given as Roseneath, (probably number 8), Devonshire Road. That address was where his uncle Albert Edward Nicholls lived and where his cousin Edmund Draper Nicholls would return to when he was demobilized the following year.
Eric's father died on 18 February 1919 and was buried at Norton Cemetery on 24 February. He was aged 45. Soon afterwards Eric's mother, Ann, lost both her parents in quick succession; Henry Rodgers died aged 71 was buried on 25 March and Lucilla died aged 66 and was buried on 1 May 1922 both at Norton. Ann was the only one left from Henry's family of two wives and five children, daughter Ellen having died aged 17. By 1923 Ann and Eric had moved to the West Midlands and were living at 72 Boundary Hill, Lower Gornall, Staffordshire. It would appear they lived there until the early 1930s.
In 1933 Eric married Doris Lilian Freda Carter in Brentford, Middlesex. Doris was born in Kingston-upon-Hull in 1904, the first of seven children of Frederick Ernest Carter, a Royal Navy paymaster, and his Irish wife Annette Winifred Peart who had married in Gosport, Hampshire in 1901. Eric, Doris and Ann lived the rest of their lives together in Scotland although why they moved north we do not know. In 1935 they were living at East Ville, Woodriffe Terrace, Kerr Street, Newport-on-Tay in Fifeshire. A son Iain Stewart Nicholls was born there in 1936. The Nicholls family had moved to Thrush Villa, 40 Commonhead Street, Airdie, Lanarkshire by the time of Eric's death in 1940, at the age of 40. In 1968, presumably after Ann's death, Doris and Iain were recorded at 115 Watling Street, Motherwell, North Lanarkshire. Doris died on 30 October 1985 in Tignabruich, Argyllshire aged 81.
Charles Edward Liddell Norris
Chas Ed. L. Norris, as he liked to be known, was born in 1882 in Manchester. His father was Charles Guest Norris, who was born on 24 July 1854 in Greenheys, Manchester, the eldest of four children of John Norris, a commercial traveller, and his wife Mary Hooper who had married at Manchester Cathedral on 17 March 1853. His mother was Apollina Liddell who was born in 1849 in Newton Heath, Manchester, the third of six children of Mark Liddell, a railway contractor's agent, and his wife Jessie Runciman who had married on 14 June 1844 at Lauder, Berwickshire.
Charles and Apollina married at St Margaret's Church, Whalley Range, Manchester on 24 August 1878. As a young man, Charles had been a warehouseman like his father. Apollina was a teacher whose parents and all five siblings were born in Scotland. She had been born when her parents made a short excursion into England presumably connected with her father's work on the railways which took him to Manchester and then in 1851 to Wigan. Her unusual name can be traced back to her paternal grandmother, Apollina Watherston (1792-1880).
By the time of the 1881 Census, Charles and Apollina were living at 106 Heywood Street, Moss Side with their daughters Jessie Runciman aged one and Ethel Mary aged four months. Charles had become a commercial traveller and the family were prosperous enough to afford a live-in domestic servant. Son Chas was born on 17 April 1882 in Manchester and third daughter, Catherine, was born in Urmston, Cheshire on 24 June 1884. However, she was to be their last child as Apollina died in 1886 at the age of 37.
Charles remarried at the Parish Church, Heaton Moor, on 15 December 1889 to Elizabeth Luke who had been born in Stalybridge, Cheshire, the only daughter of William Herring and his second wife Mary Punchaby. Elizabeth had a son, William Henry, born in Bowdon, Cheshire from her marriage to Henry Luke which had ended with his death on 13 August 1876.
In the Census on 5 April 1891, the Norris Family were living at 26 Shaw Road, Heaton Norris, Manchester. William Henry, aged 24, was a merchant's salesman and the other four younger children were scholars. Charles was still described as a commercial traveller. He was, however, in a business partnership with Joseph Elton Bott, an engineer and metallurgist from Derby. The firm were engineers and machinists operating from the Cornwall Steel Works, Cornwall Street, Openshaw Manchester. Their business arrangement came to a voluntary end in October 1892, Bott having several other business interests. Thereafter Charles is described as an engineer and commercial traveller.
In the following census of 1901, Charles, Elizabeth and Chas were living at 13 Cranworth Street, Stalybridge and Chas had become a mechanical engineer's draughtsman. Jessie and Ethel were living with Charles' younger brother Edward and his family at 2 Sutton Road, Heaton Norris. Catherine was in boarding school in St. Annes-on-Sea, Lancashire. William Henry was also a mechanical engineer. He had married Ada Maud Reid in 1899 and was living at 23 Taylor Street, Stalybridge.
Records still survive showing that Charles became a Freemason at Prince Edward Lodge, Heaton Norris in 1900 and retained his membership through to October 1906 when he resigned.
By 1911 Charles and Elizabeth were living at 19 Cranworth Street, Stalybridge, their previous house at number 13 being occupied by William Henry, Ada and their two children. Jessie, Ethel and
Catherine were all with Edward Norris at 7 Gibson Road, Heaton Norris. Chas was a boarder at Victoria Villas, Totley Rise and was working as a draughtsman in a steel works. We believe that Victoria
Villas were a terrace of three cottages, numbers 73-77 Baslow Road, which were demolished around 1930.
Very little information has survived about Chas's war service. He enlisted in the 12th Sheffield City Battalion of the York and Lancaster Regiment as soldier number 12/466 and was later posted to the Royal Engineers where he became soldier number 362668. Chas married Marion Rainforth in Leicester in 1917. Marion was born in Liverpool in 1884, the fifth of six daughters of Alfred Rainforth, an architect, and his wife Josephine Ineson, who had married in Northampton in 1875. Chas gave Marion's parents' address of 39 Melbourne Road, Leicester when he was discharged from the army on 4 June 1919 because of ill health. His record shows that war service was deemed to have aggravated but not caused varicose veins. His rank was Staff Sergeant at the time of his discharge. He was later awarded the Victory Medal and British War Medal.
Soon after the war, Chas and Marion were back in Sheffield living temporarily at Westbourne, 38 Totley Brook Road before moving to 5 Fairbank Road, Norwood. A daughter, Kathleen, was born there on 28 October 1920 and a second daughter, Eileen, was born in 1927. The family were still at the same address in the 1939 Register when Chas's occupation was recorded as a draughtsman at an armaments and armour plate factory. Chas died on 14 April 1963 aged 80 when living at 315 Abbeydale Road South, one of the semi-detached houses set back from the road between St. John's Church Hall and Five Trees Drive. Marion died in 1965 aged 81.
Ernest Wynne Parker
Wynne Parker was born in Sheffield in 1892. His father was Joseph Hedley Parker who was born in Croscombe, Somerset in 1859, the fifth of seven children of George Parker, a Baptist minister, and his first wife Hannah Ford who married on 29 March 1845 at the Baptist Chapel, Cheddar, Somerset. Wynne's mother was Jane Charlotte Wynne who was born in Islington, Middlesex in 1868, the second of five children of Thomas Drake Wynne, a master tailor, and his wife Charlotte Taylor who married on Christmas Eve 1865 at St Mark's, Islington.
Hedley Parker had moved from Somerset to London to live with his older brother George and his wife Louisa Dawton who had married in Aylesbury in 1879 and established themselves as bakers and confectioners in Hornsey, Middlesex. Hedley was working as a solicitor's clerk in the 1881 Census. He married Jane Wynne in Edmonton in 1887. Their first child Winifred Janet was born in Hornsey in 1889. A son Albert Hedley was born there the following year
The Parker family connection with Sheffield dates from around 1880. Hedley's older brother John was a reporter in the office of the Shepton Mallet Journal when he was offered the position of private secretary to Henry Joseph Wilson, M.P. for Holmfirth. John went on to establish a printing and bookbinding business in 1887 and by 1890 he had been joined in partnership by Hedley who lived at 131 Broomspring Lane, Broomhall. Sadly young Albert died there aged 15 months and was buried at Burngreave Cemetery on 19 January 1891. Wynne was born on 18 December later that year.
The firm of Parker Brothers originally occupied premises in Campo Lane but in June 1891 premises were purchased in nearby Vicar Lane. A fourth child, named Florrie but known as Flo, was born in Sheffield in 1897 and by 1900 the Parker family had moved to Woodland Villas, (48-50) Victoria Road, Totley Rise. On 20 May 1905 John Parker died at his home at 200 Cobden View Road, Crookes and was buried at Burngreave Cemetery three days later. He was aged 55. Upon John's death, Hedley took sole charge of Parker Brothers printing business. Trade directories show that Hedley and his family lived at Woodland Villas until 1907 and then moved to Moorlands, (357-359) Baslow Road, Totley. In the Census on 2 April 1911, Wynne was an assistant in the family printing business, Flo was at school. Winifred was living in Buxton where she was an assistant teacher at a secondary school.
Wynne's war service record has not survived but from the few details we have found we know that he enlisted in the Royal Army Medical Corps as Private number 410058 on 10 November 1914 and was stationed at the 3rd Northern General Hospital, Sheffield. He was discharged from the army on 4 July 1919, no longer physically fit for war service having been unable to fully recover from pneumonia. His rank at his discharge was Acting Sergeant. Wynne was awarded Silver War Badge number B245871 on 19 July 1919. He returned home to Totley to resume his career as a printer. His mother died soon after on 14 February 1920 at the Royal Infirmary, Sheffield and was cremated at City Road Cemetery, Intake three days later. Jane was aged 52.
Wynne married Beatrice Mabel Boothby on 7 September 1921 at Christ Church, Fulwood. Mabel was the youngest of five children, all daughters, of George William Boothby, a bellows manufacturer, and his wife Florence Brown who had married on 15 December 1886 at the Cathedral Church of St. Peter and St. Paul. Wynne and Mabel went to live at Mona Villas, (37-39) Lemont Road, Totley. Their first child, David, was born on 10 December 1922. In the same year, Flo Parker married Henry Muxlow Hartley at Dore and Totley Union Church on 19 April. Harry was the second of three children of Walter Henry Hartley, a printer and stationer, and his wife Edith Muxlow, who had married on 12 June 1895 at Weston Street United Methodist Chapel, Sheffield. His story will appear on this page shortly.
Hedley Parker died on 22 May 1923 at home at Moorlands, Totley, aged 64. He had been ill for a short time with pneumonia. He was a past president of the Master Printers Federation in Sheffield and also president of the Joint Industrial Council of the Printing Trades in Sheffield. He was also the treasurer of the Dore and Totley Union Church and one its founding members. Following a service at the church, he was cremated at City Road Cemetery on 25 May.
After his father's death, Wynne took over running the family printing business and, like his father, became President of the Master Printers Federation in Sheffield. A daughter Doreen was born on 16 June 1926 when they were living at Lulworth, 194 Baslow Road, Totley. They were still living there when the National Register was compiled on 29 September 1939. Wynne died at home on 1 June 1949 at the age of 57. Mabel died in Glenmore Nursing Home, Hartington Road, Millhouses on 27 April 1984, aged 85.
Cecil Perkins was born in 1898 in Woodseats, Sheffield. His father was Henry Perkin, who was born in Chapel Allerton, Leeds on 12 January 1846, the seventh of nine children of William Perkin, an architect, and his wife Ann Ainley who had married on 13 March 1834 at St. Peter's, Leeds. His mother was Mary Sturges who was born in 1871 in Boosbeck, North Yorkshire, the youngest of six children of Joseph Sturges, a brewer's labourer, and his wife Rebecca Turner who had married at St. Catherine's Parish Church, Draughton, Northamptonshire on 11 December 1854.
Cecil's grandfather William Perkin started an architect's practice in Leeds in 1832. The firm became known as William Perkin and Sons after sons William Joshua and Henry joined the business. After their father's death in 1874 and his brother's removal to London, Henry Perkin ran the firm together with his business partner George Bertram Bulmer under the name Perkin and Bulmer. They were particularly successful in gaining contracts for the design, remodelling and restoration of civic buildings, churches and banks. The Yorkshire Penny Bank and Albany Hotel building on the corner of Fargate and Surrey Street was designed by the firm in 1887. Henry became a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and President of the Leeds and West Yorkshire Architectural Society.
Henry had married Elizabeth Ann Ellis at New Street Wesleyan Chapel, York on 26 September 1868. Elizabeth was the second of five children of John Rathbone Ellis, a clergyman, and his first wife Elizabeth Jones who had married at Henllan, Denbighshire on 27 August 1841. Elizabeth and Henry lived in Headingley, Leeds and so far as we are aware had no children. At some point during the 1880s their marriage came to an end although we have been unable to find either a death for Elizabeth or a divorce.
Nor have we been able to find a marriage between Henry and Mary Sturges. They may have met through Mary's older sister, Millicent, who was Rev. Ellis's former housekeeper and second wife. The couple had married at All Saints, Northampton on 8 July 1885. In both these second relationships there were large differences in the ages of the partners, 40 years in the case of John and Millicent Ellis, 25 years in the case of Henry and Mary Perkin.
For more than thirty years Rev. Ellis was the rector of Westerdale until his death on 26 August 1890. A son from his second marriage, Augustine ap Ellis, was born on 28 August 1886. Augustine served with the Royal Engineers and later joined the RAF rising to the rank of Squadron Leader by 1919. He received the 1915 Star, Victory Medal and British War Medal. He was awarded the CBE in the King's 1925 Birthday Honours and later became a Group Captain in World War Two.
In each of the three remaining censuses taken during his lifetime, Henry is not at home with Mary but is a visitor somewhere else. In 1891 he was recorded at The Villa, Barkston Ash, Tadcaster, the home of his youngest sister Catherine Augusta, her husband Charles John Henry Victor Lawton and their only son William Victor. Mary Sturges, single woman, is recorded at Florence House, a boarding school in Baschurch, Shropshire, the same school that Catherine had attended twenty years earlier.
Henry and Mary had three children, only two of whom survived infancy. Doris Perkins was born on 24 March 1892 in Newcastle Upon Tyne. Perkin and Bulmer, we notice, had been awarded the contract to build the new police headquarters in South Shields in June 1890. Doris's surname was registered as Perkins and she signed her name in this style on official documents. Yet her father was insistent his name was Perkin, without the patronymic "s", even taking to the press to admonish journalists who got his name wrong. Cecil Perkins was born in 1898 in Woodseats which was then, like Totley, in Derbyshire but is now in Yorkshire.
In the next census on 30 March 1901, Henry was at 22 Edge Lane, Chorlton cum Hardy, Manchester, staying with the family of George Wragg, a manufacturer of metalwork and stained glass. Sister Catherine, widowed since 1892, was with them. Mary Perkins was living at Elm Villas, Abbeydale Road South, Beauchief, one of the fine semi-detached houses between Dore Station and Beauchief Gardens. With her were Doris aged 9, Cecil aged 2 and a live-in domestic servant. Mary was said to be a widow.
Much the same would be found in the next Census on 2 April 1911. Henry Perkin was a visitor at The Peel, Hellifield near Settle, North Yorkshire, staying with the family of William Nicholson, a building contractor and Mayor of Leeds. Mary Perkins was living at Brooklyn, 16 Devonshire Road, Totley Rise with her two children and a domestic servant. This time Mary said she was married. Doris was a student of music who, on 13 September the following year, passed the Metropolitan Examinations at the Royal Academy of Music, London and thereby earned the right to append the letters L.R.A.M. to her name. Cecil was still at school. Mary died on 10 October 1914 at Cotsford, 42 Totley Brook Road and was buried at Norton Cemetery four days later. She was aged 43. On 27 April 1918 at Christ Church, Dore, Doris married Gerald Leonard, an insurance inspector and on 19 September the following year their daughter Mary was born at Cotsford.
Cotsford was given by Cecil as his father's address on his war service record. Cecil joined the army straight from school, enlisting in Sheffield on 11 September 1914. He was posted to the 12th (Sheffield City) Battalion of the York and Lancaster Regiment as Private number 12/477. He was appointed Lance Corporal on 30 October 1914 and sent overseas with the British Expeditionary Force, embarking at Devonport on 20 December 1915 and disembarking at Alexandria on 1 January 1916. On 11 February 1916 for reasons not stated he was deprived of his stripe by the Officer in Charge at El Ferdan, on the Suez Canal, and demoted to Private. His service in the Mediterranean lasted until 9 March 1916 when he was sent to France until 7 April 1919, with a home furlough granted from 7-21 September 1918. Cecil's service record shows he sustained no wounds or injuries. He was demobilised on 7 May 1919 and was later awarded the Victory Medal and British War Medal.
His cousin, William Lawton was not so fortunate. William died on 8 July 1918, the result of an accident on 1 July when his horse refused to jump a fence, fell back and rolled over on him. He was aged 26. William had volunteered for active service shortly after the outbreak of war and had joined the Queen's Own Yorkshire Dragoons as Private number 3096 on 17 September 1914. He served in Flanders and France from 20 July 1915. He received a commission as 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers on 23 October 1915 and was promoted to Lieutenant on 3 May 1916. He is buried at Esquelbecq Military Cemetery, Nord, France and is remembered on war memorials at Knaresborough and at St. Peter's School, York. He was a Fellow of the Surveyors Institute and an Associate of RIBA. William intended to join his uncle Henry's firm as a partner when ear ended.
After the war, Cecil got a job as a clerk. He married Elizabeth Smith, known as Betty, in 1922. A daughter Rosemary was born on 2 May 1923 when they were living at 25 Hallowes Lane, Dronfield. Cecil's father, Henry Perkin, died at a nursing home at 8 Hyde Terrace, Leeds on 8 November 1924 although since his retirement he had been living with his sister Catherine at Castle Cliffe, Knaresborough. He was aged 78. In its obituary on 11 November the Leeds Mercury stated that he had died without children yet its report on his funeral the following day listed among the chief mourners his son Cecil and daughter and son-in-law Doris and Gerald Leonard.
Probate of Henry's will was granted to William Nicholson on 9 December. Henry left £6,158 10s 4d, around £2,000 of which was to go to his son Cecil. This figure would equate to around £125,000 in today's money. Yet within two years Cecil was brought before the Sheffield Bankruptcy Court. At a public examination on 5 November 1926 he explained that he has used his inheritance to buy a house at Bents Green and to set up his wife in a millinery business at 9 Change Alley, Sheffield. The later venture, Elizabeth Smith Limited, made losses of between £1,500 and £2,000. He had also lost a further £900 on property. His had no assets and liabilities of £402. Cecil who was now loiving at 101 Burngreave Road, Sheffield, admitted he had lived beyond his means.
So far we have been unable to trace what happened to Cecil and his family after 1926.
Hedley Britton Ranns and Reginald Howgate Ranns
Hedley Ranns was born in Chapeltown, Yorkshire on 12 January 1891. His father was Benjamin Ranns who was born in Brigg, Lincolnshire in 1858, the sixth of seven children of John Dixon Ranns, a shoemaker, and his wife Ellen Howgate who had married in Bridlington, Yorkshire in 1847. Hedley's mother was Edith Jane Britton who was born in Barnsley in 1860, the second of five children of John Britton, a linen warehouseman, and his wife Ann Barton who had married in Barnsley in 1856.
Benjamin Ranns become a partner with his brother John in a drapers' business at 113 St. Philip's Road, Netherthorpe. He married Edith Britton in Barnsley in 1882. The couple had five sons, the first of whom, Horace Dixon, was born on 1 February 1883 in Chapeltown. A second son, Sidney Britton was born on 2 January 1888 but he died the the following year and was buried at Burncross Cemetery on 23 April 1889. Hedley Britton was their third son born on 12 January 1891 and baptised at Chapeltown on 1 March that year. In the census later that month, the Ranns family had a house and shop at Station Road, Chapeltown. With them was Benjamin's brother John who in May 1877 had set up on his own account as a draper's commercial traveller operating from premises in Kettering, Northamptonshire but the business had failed and John had been made bankrupt. John was later to commit suicide leaving a wife and six children.
On a happier note, Benjamin and Edith Ranns were to have two more sons: Reginald Howgate born on 11 October 1896 and Bernard Dawson born on 22 October 1900. They were still living in Station Road, Chapeltown in the Census taken on 31 March 1901. Eldest son Horace attended Cliff College, a Christian theological college and in 1905 he was proposed by the Brunswick Circuit for admittance to the Wesleyan Ministry. It was as a Wesleyan Minister that he emigrated to Canada in 1907 aboard the Lake Manitoba. Horace married Effie Simmonds on 28 September 1915 at Winnipeg, Manitoba. They later lived in Long Lake, Saskatchewan and after WW2 in Toronto.
By the time of the 1911 Census, Benjamin and Edith Ranns, together with their three remaining sons, had moved to Devonshire House, (possibly 22) Devonshire Road, Totley Rise. Benjamin had retired but Hedley had started working as an outfitter's apprentice. Reginald aged 14 and Bernard aged 10 were still in school.
Hedley and Reginald both served in the army in the Great War and only fragments of their service records have survived. Hedley joined the 1st Garrison Battalion of the West Yorkshire Regiment and attained the rank of Corporal number 25303. His Battalion was sent to Malta although there is nothing on Hedley's record to confirm he served there. He was demobilized on 25 February 1919 and was awarded the British War Medal. His pension record show that he was diagnosed with the heart condition VDH (valvular disease of the heart) for which he received a small weekly allowance.
Reginald received a commission as a Second Lieutenant in Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment) on 29 January 1916. He was sent to France on 25 July later that year but nothing more is known about his war service. He was later awarded the British War Medal and Victory Medal.
At the end of the war Benjamin and Edith were living at Brentwood, 1 Brinkburn Vale Road, Totley Rise. Hedley married Florence Wayte Cartledge at Totley Rise Wesleyan Church on 30 March 1921. Reginald, who had returned to his pre-war occupation as a bank clerk, was their best man. Flo was the adopted daughter of George Cartledge, a grocer and provisions merchant, and his wife Harriet Acomb, who had married in Rotherham in 1880 and who had no children of their own. Living at Fernleigh, 114 Totley Brook Road, Flo had been a member of the choir and later a Sunday School teacher at the church where she was later married. The couple went to live at 27 Luxor View, Harehills, Leeds, where their son, Alan Cartledge Ranns, was born 8 March 1922. Hedley worked as a hatter's salesman.
It would appear that shortly after, Reginald was diagnosed with a mental illness that had probably developed during the war. He had become violent towards his father and as a result had been placed in an asylum. However, his parents expressed a wish to the doctors that their son be allowed to join them on a holiday to Whitby on the weekend of 7-8 October 1922. The doctors agreed but before the holiday could take place, Benjamin Ranns committed suicide. He drowned in the canal near Blackburn Meadows, Tinsley. The inquest heard that he had become extremely worried about Reginald's health and had had fresh locks put on the doors and a chain on his own bedroom door, fearing that violence might take place again. Benjamin Ranns died on 4 October and was buried at Dore Christ Church two days later. He was aged 64. His widow Edith moved to 50 Abbey Lane, Woodseats, where she died on 3 December 1928 aged 69. She was buried at Dore Christ Church four days later.
After attending Dronfield Grammar School, Bernard Ranns joined the merchant navy and made numerous Atlantic crossings. He was awarded his Certificate of Competency as Second Mate on 27 February 1923 but he too met a tragic death on Humber Bank, Great Coates, Lincolnshire on 28 May 1929. Bernard was aged 28 and unmarried. He was buried in the same grave as his parents at Dore on 31 May.
When the British National Register was taken on 29 September 1939, Reginald Ranns was a patient at Bootham Park Mental Hospital, Bootham, York. He died there on 1 March 1971, aged 73. In 1939 Hedley Ranns was still living at 27 Luxor View, Leeds with his wife and two children, daughter Joyce having been born on 24 May 1923. Hedley is shown to be retired because of a disability, perhaps the heart condition that had been diagnosed during the war.
During WW2 son Alan joined the Royal Navy. Leading Radio Mechanic Alan Cartledge Ranns P/MX 98984 was killed on 9 December 1942 when his ship HMS Marigold was torpedoed off the coast of Algiers. Alan was aged 20. After the war, Hedley and Flo moved to Lytham St. Annes, Lancashire where they both died, Hedley on 24 December 1951 aged 60 and Flo on 3 July 1971 aged 82.
June Meeting Cancelled
Taking precautions against the spread of the coronavirus is everyone's number one priority at this time. Accordingly, the monthly meetings of Totley History Group have been cancelled until further notice.
In the meantime, please continue to support your history group by sending us your queries, contributions and comments.
n Wednesday 24th June, Pauline Burnett will be speaking to us about The History of Holidays - tracing how people from the middle ages celebrated the seasons, to the holiday entitlements and changing opportunities of 19th-21st centuries. The meeting will be in Totley Library, beginning as at 7.30pm.
A few copies are still available of Sally Goldsmith's book Thirteen Acres: John Ruskin and the Totley Communists. Totley was the site of a utopian scheme funded by art critic and social reformer John Ruskin. In 1877 he bought 13-acre St. George’s Farm so that nine Sheffield working men and their families could work the land and, to keep themselves busy, make boots and shoes. Sally tells an engaging story from our history with a quirky cast of characters including Ruskin himself, the poet and gay rights activist Edward Carpenter and Henry Swan, a cycling, vegetarian artist and Quaker. The book is available to order online from the The Guild of St. George by following this link.
A recently discovered box of WWII correspondence reveals the story of how a small group of ladies from Dore and Totley recruited knitters from the west of Sheffield and how their efforts made them the country's greatest provider of Comforts for the Minesweeping crews of the Royal Navy. The story is told in Knit For Victory, a new book from Totley History Group. Written by Pauline Burnett, it has 82 pages and many illustrations. It is on sale in Totley Rise Post Office and local shops. Also available in Dore at the Village Store or direct via our website.
Since 1875 when there was only a Rolling Mill and Chemical Yard alongside the river a mile from Totley, the area has changed beyond anyone's imagination This book by Pauline Burnett tells the story of how it was named and grew into the community we know today. The Rise of Totley Rise has 94 pages including a useful index and is profusely illustrated throughout with many previously unpublished photographs from private collections.
The story is told in Totley War Memorial WW1 of the ten men from our village who gave their lives in the Great War. Written by Pauline Burnett, Jim Martin and Dorothy Prosser, a chapter is devoted to each of the soldiers with a family tree followed by as much information as could be discovered about the men and their families. There is also information about their military careers and the actions in which they lost their lives. The book has 64 pages and is illustrated throughout with photographs of the men, their families and the houses where they lived.
Charles Herbert Nunn enlisted in the British Army on 23 August 1915 and was sent to France on 18 December 1915 to served with the British Expeditionary Force. In March 1916 it was discovered that he was underage and he was returned home. Shortly after his 18th birthday he re-enlisted and was again posted abroad where, in addition to this trio of medals, he was awarded the Military Medal.
This certificate was awarded jointly by the Red Cross and St. John's Ambulance to Isaac Henry Williams, of Lemont Road, for his services during WW1 as a stretcher bearer. We are seeking anyone who can help us pass it on to a living relative.
In 1832 Samuel Dean pleaded guilty to stealing a quantity of lead from the Totley Rolling Mill and was sentenced to seven years transportation to Australia. He sailed on the Mangles and upon arrival in New South Wales he was sent to work for William Cox, the famous English explorer and pioneer. After receiving his Certificate of Freedom in 1840, Samuel became a farmer and went on to have a very large family. Samuel was born in Whitechapel around 1811 to parents Samuel Dean Snr. and Susannah Duck. His descendant Sarah Dean would like help in tracing his ancestry.
Ellen Topham was born in 1889 in Nottingham. Her parents had been living together since 1862 but had never married so it was most unusual that, after their deaths, Ellen was accepted into Cherrytree Orphanage. Even more so since her father, Snowden Topham, had been acquitted somewhat unexpectedly in a widely reported manslaughter trial. Ellen remained at Cherrytree until her death from pulmonary tuberculosis at the age of 15.
Mabel Wilkes was a resident in Cherrytree Orphanage between 1897 and 1905. Her granddaughter Sally Knights sent us these images of a book presented to Mabel as a prize for her writing. Sally also sent us some personal memories of her grandmother and a photograph of a locket which contains portraits of Mabel and her husband Septimus Gale.
John Henry Manby Keighley was living at Avenue Farm when he enlisted in 1916. He fought in France with the Cheshire Regiment but after home leave in early 1918 he went missing. The Army were unable to determine whether he had deserted or returned to the front and been either killed or captured by the enemy. In August 1919 he was formally presumed killed in action but it appears he did not die but returned home to his family.
Horace Ford was admitted to Cherrytree Orphanage on 26 October 1888 at the age of six. He left at the age of 14 to become an apprentice blacksmith and farrier. Soon after his 18th birthday Horace enlisted in the Imperial Yeomanry to serve his country in the war in South Africa. His letter home to his Orphanage mentor tells of the lucky escape he had in battle.
Pat Skidmore (née Sampy) lived on Totley Brook Road from 1932 to 1948 before her family moved to Main Avenue. In this short article she remembers her time at Totley All Saints School where she was a contemporary of Eric Renshaw and Bob Carr.
As we have nowhere to exhibit memorabilia and artifacts, we have created a Virtual Museum instead. The latest addition to our collection is this double-sided Totley Rise Post Office oval illuminated sign which was on the wall of 67 Baslow Road before the Post Office business transferred to number 71. Please contact us by email if you have things that you own and would like to see added to the virtual museum.
Conway Plumbe was a man of many talents who came to live in Totley Rise around 1912. As a young man he had poems published by Punch magazine and is remembered in modern collections of WW1 poetry. A number of his paintings were accepted by the Royal Academy. An engineering graduate of London University, he joined the Civil Service where he rose to a high level as a factory inspector, publishing two books on the subject and giving a series of talks on workplace health and safety on BBC radio during WW2. In retirement he wrote a philosophical-spiritual work called Release From Time.
Inside Totley Rise Methodist Church there is a Roll of Honour commemorating the soldiers from its congregation who served their king and country during the Great War. For all but one of the 28 names the soldier's regiment is recorded in the next column. The exception is David Cockshott for whom 'killed in action' is written alongside yet he appears on no war memorial in our area and no record of a mortally wounded soldier of that name is to be found. We think we have solved the mystery.
Mrs. Kate Plumbe moved from Mansfield to Totley Rise with a number of her family in 1913 and became closely involved with the Totley Union Church. Her daughter Winifred became a missionary and headmistress in Calcutta for over 38 years following which she returned home to live with her sister Hilda on Furniss Avenue. Hilda had also been a teacher, missionary and, like her mother, a volunteer at St. John's VAD during WW1.
Thomas Glossop was a cutler and razor manufacturer who was well known amongst cricketing and gardening circles. Despite going blind, he was able to continue his hobbies with remarkable success
The Totley Union Cycling Society Prize Giving and Fete was held on the fields near Abbeydale Hall on 18 July 1914. Anne Rafferty and Gordon Wainwright have named some of the people in two wonderful photographs of the event. Can you identify any more for us?
The Tyzack family are well known in our area for owning iron and steel trades at Walk Mill, Abbeydale Works, Totley Rolling Mill and Totley Forge. This article covers the history of the family from the late 18th century when William Tyzack the founder of the company was born until the early 20th century when Joshua Tyzack farmed at Avenue Farm, Dore.
Walter Waller Marrison moved to Totley around 1897 with his wife and their two young sons. He was a house builder who constructed properties around Totley Brook and Greenoak before ill health forced him to take up less physically demanding work. In 1904 he took over the tenancy of the grocers and off licence at number 71 Baslow Road. After his death in 1908, his widow Kate and later their eldest son Jack continued to run the business until it was sold in 1934.
Ron Wijk of Nieuw-Vennep in the Netherlands has sent us two scanned images of drawings of old cottages made by the celebrated Dutch painter, Anton Pieck (1895-1987) simply annotated "Totley", and wondered whether we could identify their locations.
We would like to thank Christopher Rodgers for bringing to our attention this fascinating log of the 85th Sheffield (St. John's and Totley Orphanage) Wolf Cub Pack for 1927-45. The log is published jointly by Sheffield Scout Archives and Totley History Group as a free PDF download. It is illustrated by no fewer than 92 photographs and is supported by a comprehensive index and biographies of some of the main participants.
Following our Open Meeting event on School Days, Roger Hart, Howard Adams and John Timperley have each written to us with their memories of Norwood School, which was located in the rooms attached to the Dore & Totley United Reformed Church on Totley Brook Road.
On 22nd July 1909 the children of Dore and Totley Schools celebrated by a pageant the union of England under King Ecgbert which took place at Dore in AD 827. The pageant was devised and written by Mrs Sarah Milner and her daughter Marjorie and performed in a field close to Avenue Farm in front of a large audience. Photographs of the event survive together with a fragment of the script.
John Edward Greenwood Pinder had lived all 46 years of his life in Totley but on census night, Sunday 2 April 1911, he was not at home; he was in Derby Gaol serving a sentence of three months hard labour. From the age of 20, John had been in and out of local courts for a series of minor offences including drunkenness, assault, wilful damage and night poaching. Finally he was sent to gaol for cutting down and stealing 86 small trees which he sold in Sheffield market for Christmas.
We have already transcribed the census returns for Totley, Totley Rise and Dore. Now we have transcribed Census Strays. These are people who were born in Totley but are missing from our earlier transcriptions. They may have been living, working or studying elsewhere or just away from home on the night the census was taken. Two people were in prison. Others were in Union Workhouses, hospitals and asylums. Fully indexed strays from the 1851, 1861, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911 censuses are available now.
We wish to thank Gillian Walker for allowing us to digitize an archive of material about the 1st Totley Scout Group. Most of the material was collected by Arthur Percival Birley in the period 1949-51 and there are many interesting documents pertaining to the building of the scout hut on Totley Hall Lane. In addition four Newsletters survive, two from the 1940s and two from 1971.
We are grateful to Angela Waite and All Saints' Parish Church for giving us access to baptismal and kindergarten birthday rolls dating from 1926 to 1941. We have transcribed the names, addresses, birthdates and baptismal dates and created an alphabetical index of entries for you to search.
Edmund Sanderson, a Sheffield estate agent, aquired the land on either side of the old drive to Totley Grove in 1874 and divided it into plots for development. He called it the Totley Brook Estate. But before many houses were built, the estate road was severed in two by the building of the Dore & Chinley Railway line. The eastern end of the road became the cul-de-sac we now call Grove Road.
John Roberts was born in Sheffield in 1798. He became a partner in one of the leading silversmiths firms in the city before moving to Abbeydale Park in 1851 and extending the house in Victorian gothic style. He paid for the building of St. John's Church and was believed to dispense more in charity than any other person in the neighbourhood including his protege Ebenezer Hall.
The Coke Family owned the Totley Hall Estate from 1791 to 1881. With the aid of a family tree to guide us, Josie Dunsmore takes us through the story of their tenure.
When the Rev. D'Ewes Coke inherited the Totley Hall Estate in 1791 it had two farms. Josie Dunsmore tells the story of how the two farms were combined under the tenancy of Peter Flint with the aid of field maps drawn by Flint himself and later by the Fairbanks family.
Do you think you recognize this face? More than sixty photographs of the girls and teachers at Hurlfield Grammar School for Girls in the 1940s were given to Totley History Group by Avril Critchley, who was herself a student at the school. The collection includes fifteen form photographs from June 1949. There would have been a number of girls from the Totley area attending the school in those days.
Christine Weaving tells the story of her 2 x great uncle George Edward Hukin, a Totley razor-grinder, and his life-long friendship with the academic, poet, writer, and free-thinker Edward Carpenter.
Eric Renshaw (pictured here on the right with Bob Carr) grew up and lived in Totley from 1932 to 1960. Many of his memories are of a sporting nature.
We are very grateful to Gordon Grayson for giving us this splendid sale document for the Norton Hall Estates, following the death in 1850 of Samuel Shore. The estates included a large part of Totley and the document has maps and illustrations, plus schedules of land and property with the names of tenants. We have also added a transcription of the entries for Totley and Dore.
Watch this Youtube video of the talk given by Dr. Mark Frost and Sally Goldsmith on Ruskin, Totley and St. George's Farm. The talk was hosted by Totley History Group on 20th May 2015 as part of the Ruskin in Sheffield programme. Also enjoy a video of the outdoor performance Boots, Fresh Air & Ginger Beer written by Sally.
When Jacqueline A. Gibbons became interested in what made her father tick, it began a journey through WW1 archive records and led to her flying from Toronto to visit the house and village where he lived and the countryside that he so much enjoyed. Jacqueline reminds us that in the early 20th century Sheffield was a driving force of industry and that Totley was the place where many of its remarkable people lived and where they formulated their ideas.
Edgar Wood was the designer of The Dingle, 172 Prospect Road, built in 1904 for Rev. William Blackshaw, the founder of the Croft House Settlement. The house, together with its western terrace and boundary walls, has now been awarded Grade II listed building status.
What was probably "the most perfect little garden railway in existence" in 1910 was to be found in the grounds of Brook House, Grove Road, the home of its designer and constructor, Guy Mitchell. Look at some wonderful photographs and read reports in newspapers and a full appreciation in Model Railways magazine.
We have now completed our transcription of Totley School's Admission Records for the period from 1877 to 1914. There is also a useful index to the names of the scholars and to their parents or guardians. We are very grateful to Sheffield Archives and Local Studies Library for allowing us to transcribe and publish these records and for permission to reproduce the photograph of a specimen page of the register.
On 8, 9 and 11 November 2014 Totley History Group held an exhibition at Dore & Totley United Reformed Church to commemorate the centenary of the First World War. Below are additional links to some of the photographs we were lent and stories we researched especially for the exhibition.
Oscar Creswick was a local farmer who served with the Army Service Corps in Salonika and who after the war returned to Totley to become the innkeeper of the Cricket Inn and a member of the village's successful tug of war team.
Walter Evans was a market gardener who also ran a small grocery shop on Hillfoot Road when war broke out. He fought with the Machine Gun Corps at the fourth battle of Ypres. After the war, Walter ran a grocers shop at the top of Main Avenue.
Fred Cartwright was another Totley soldier who survived the Great War. He fought in France and Belgium and although he wasn't wounded he was gassed and was home on sick leave when his daughter was delivered by Nurse Jessop during a snowstorm in January 1917.
Maurice Johnson joined the Yorkshire Dragoons, a territorial unit, on 1 Jan 1914 and so was called up at the very start of the war. He fought throughout the war on the Somme, at Ypres and at Cambrai. After demobilization in 1919 Maurice returned to his old occupation in the steel industry.
Bill Glossop lent us a letter written by his father, William Walton Glossop to his wife describing life in the army during training in the north east of England and asking her to keep him in mind with the children.
The photo above provides a link to an album of photographs taken of WW1 Hospitals at St. John's, Abbeydale and the Longshaw Estate.
Nora Green, of Chapel Lane, was only 14 when war broke out. In 1914 she was ill with diphtheria and was sent to the isolation hospital at Holmley Lane, Dronfield. Nora recovered and wrote a letter of thanks to one of the hospital staff and the reply she received survives.
We have collected together on this page the names of local men who appear on various War Memorials and Rolls of Honour in Totley, Dore, Abbeydale, Norton, Holmesfield and Dronfield.
Unfortunately we were unable to identify all the photographs we were lent of Totley Soldiers. Please take a look at this album to see if you recognize any of the missing names.
This walk visits locations that have strong associations with Totley during the First World War. It includes the homes of the ten soldiers from the village who lost their lives, the auxiliary hospitals, war memorials, and even the rifle range on which the soldiers trained. Take a look at the first draft of a new walk by the authors of "Totley War Memorial WW1 1914-1918"
We wish to thank the Trustees of Cherrytree for giving us permission to publish transcriptions of the Cherrytree Orphanage Admissions Book entries for the years 1866-1929. There is also an alphabetical index for you to look at.
Our transcriptions of local trade directories have been expanded to cover the 95 years from 1837-1932 and have also been indexed. From the days when there were a handful of farmers, stone masons, saw handle makers & scythe grinders to the wonders of the Totley Bridge Garage Company, Betty's Boudoir and The Heatherfield Shopping Centre.
Totley Church of England Parish Magazines for the years 1922-1939 and 1948-1967 with notices of births, marriages and deaths and accounts of spiritual, educational, charitable and social matters in the village.
Around 90 photographs taken by Stuart Greenhoff for his thesis A Geographical Study of Dore and Totley including several of Totley Moor Brickworks. Superb!
Chronologically ordered snippets of information recorded by Brian Edwards during his many years of research into our local history.
Read the inscriptions on more than 700 gravestones in the churchyard.
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