Totley Hall Estate, consisting of two adjacent farms or “parcels of land”, the Hall and abutting fields, together with several pieces of woodland, was held in the 17th and 18th centuries in three separate parts (or moieties) by absentee landowners who rented it out to local tenants. However, all three parts came together in 1791 under joint ownership of Rev D’Ewes Coke of Brookhill Hall, Pinxton, Mansfield, and his wife Hannah, who had three sons D’Ewes, William and John, and a daughter Hannah. However it is doubtful if Rev D’Ewes Coke even visited Totley during the twenty years he held the estate – relying on agents and tenant farmers to maintain the land while he took their rental money.
One of the Coke tenants in Totley was Peter Flint, son of John and Jane, who was baptised on 10 Sept 1758 and married Ann Sanderson at Dronfield on 7 Dec 1783. Records show that the couple had three children – Jane, Sarah and William. However, during 1798 – 99, wife Ann and infant children Sarah and William all died, and within a year Peter remarried Elizabeth Fearnehough, aged 28, by Licence on 26 Sept 1799. Peter’s age is given as 36 years, when in fact he was 41, but he is described as a “farmer of Totley”.
It may be that Peter was given the tenancy of one of the two Totley Hall farms as early as 1791 when the Rev D’Ewes Coke and his wife Hannah inherited the Totley Hall Estate. Peter’s name appears in Totley records in 1794 as serving on the Overseers of the Poor Committee, which was made up of “substantial men” chosen by the Landholders in the Hamlet of Totley. This would indicate that he was well-known and respected in Totley at that time.
By at least 1801 Peter was tenant farmer of Totley Hall, living in the farm on Totley Hall Lane with his second wife Elizabeth; whilst the second estate farmers were the Platt family – first Robert, who was a tenant in the 1780s, and then Thomas. The Platt family appeared to be struggling to cope as, in 1807, Peter Flint took over half their farm which abutted his own, and then took on both farms a year later. From this date Totley Hall Farm seems to have been much as it is in 2016, farmed by Edwin and Jenny Pocock, with a few exchanges and the addition of 30 acres of Broad Carr by the 1841 Totley Inclosure Award. During this time three girls were born to Peter and Elizabeth at Totley Hall Farm, but only two, Martha and Ann, survived infancy.
When Peter Flint took on the tenancy of Platt’s Farm as well as his own, Fairbanks, Surveyors of Sheffield, were commissioned in 1809 to survey the united farmland by John Coke Esq (who was acting for his father Rev. D’Ewes Coke). The result was that Peter Flint produced a rough “Eye Sketch” which may be the first map of the farm. Fairbanks added two detailed lists of field names, acreage and land use to the sketch of “Old” Farm (Peter Flint’s, 55 acres) and “New” Farm (Thomas Platt’s, 47 acres). Both farms were mostly pasture and meadow with some arable land growing oats, wheat and turnips. (See Plan 1.)
It is interesting to note that a block of Peter Flint’s fields had names which indicate ancient woodland – Near Stor Ley, Far Stor Ley, Upper Far Stor Ley, Knowle Field (also known as Nether Far Stor Ley) and Stubbing with adjacent Hustard having young oak trees recorded grown there in the latter part of the C 16th. Platt’s Farm also had Upper and Nether Lee Fields. (Stor, star or storth refer to young woodland, whilst lee or ley imply a clearing in the wood.) The former ancient woodland is an area being explored by FOGW, who will hopefully shed more light on the extent of the woodland in ancient times.
Another interesting field name is Kiln Field (sited in the area of the Totley Hall Lane playing field) which probably had a kiln for pottery, corn drying or smelting). Tenter Field (where woven cloth was stretched out on tenter hooks to dry) had lost its earlier 1600’s name and become simply Housecroft. The ruined foundations of a barn can still be found in Barn Field.
The two farms now formed a compact block of land either side of Totley Hall Lane and bordered Gillfield Wood. There was also a block of three outlying fields above the Shepley Spitfire where the allotments are now, named Bridge, Francis and Trickett fields. The Estate also owned Trickett Wood, Upper and Nether Gillfield Wood and Barkers Wood (now known as Little Wood). Peter Flint paid £90 rental twice a year on Lady Day and Michaelmas for the joint farms and £3-15s-9d property tax for the woodland.
In 1811 Rev D’Ewes Coke died and the Totley and Brimington Estates (which had come into the family through Hannah, nee Heywood of Brimington Hall via her uncle Anthony Gallimore) were passed back to his wife with the rents going to her second son William. He was Chief Justice of Ceylon, so was another absentee landlord. His interests were overseen by his brothers D’Ewes and John Coke.
After the death of his father, D’Ewes Coke commissioned Fairbanks to do a survey of the Totley Estate on his brother’s behalf. In 1813 Fairbanks produced a detailed sketch of the farm and woodland in his field/note book, which he later converted into a map.
The orientation of the field book sketch is opposite to other maps. Presumably Fairbanks started his drawing in Totley Hall Lane. What is special about this is that he made a detailed drawing of the farms and buildings. Peter Flint’s plot had a House (the old Totley Hall), Barn with Threshing floor, Stable, Fodder and Cow house, Folds and Garden. Platt’s old farm had a Barn, Cow house, Fodder Sheds, Corn Chamber, Stock Yards and Folds with two Houses and Garden on a Plot by the Lane (Pocock’s). (See Plan 2.)
By 1818 it seems that Totley Hall Farm buildings and farmland were in a run-down condition. A detailed report by Jonah Fairbanks for D’Ewes Coke was made on 10 May 1818. Fairbanks reported that Peter Flint’s farmhouse walls needed pointing as well as slates at the west end. Half of the barn at the Old Farm (8) was “in great want of repair” and needed the roof removed and new lathes before slating over and pointing at an estimated cost of £15 – 15s – 0d. Peter Flint offered to see to the much needed repairs of doors to most of the outbuildings himself.
Fairbanks commented that the farm was being better managed than in 1813 but there was still room for improvement. The pasture land was overgrown with thistles and many weeds were being allowed to seed in the stubble of the arable fields.
A number of specific fields were referred to by name as needing attention. The Hustard (15) (which abuts Pheasant Wood) needed draining and ditches scouring. This field was covered in oak wavers (i.e. 25 - 30 year old), single stemmed trees in 1574. The clear felling of the trees would have made the land wetter. There is still an old ditch along the north edge of Pheasant Wood draining into Totley Brook which may be one of the ones referred to on the report.
Another field singled out for improvement was Upper Hustard (22) which needed clearing of bushes to make it more productive, but the few mature trees should remain. There was a Quarry spoil heap in Nether Lee Field (30) and barn in ruinous condition in Long Field (26). Fairbanks recommended that the barn be taken down and the stone and strong timber reused to build a smaller animal shelter-type shed for the cattle. New fencing and the planting of a white thorn hedge were also recommended in Nether Lee (29). It is perhaps worth noting that all bar one of the fields needing attention were on the original Platt farmland and not Flint’s. (See Plan 3.)
The reason for the farm having become so run down becomes apparent from Fairbanks additional notes. He recommends a reduction to be made to the rental in consequence of the decrease of agricultural stock and the considerable increase in parochial assessments since 1813. Fairbanks is unsure how much to allow in order for Peter Flint (and the other tenants) to discharge their arrears in rent. Peter Flint reckoned he could pay off his arrears of £55 within two years. These had accrued as a result of some of his crops failing very much in the summer of 1817. It is worth noting that this crop failure was not confined to Peter Flint as D’Ewes Coke’s other tenants in Dore, John Grey, John Flint and William Taylor (farming for his widowed mother-in-law Mary Watson) were also in arrears due to crop failure.
In July 1818 the tenants had written a letter to acting agent John Coke making “great complaints” and stating their inability to pay rent as valued by Fairbanks some years previously - Peter Flint’s annual rental being £170. John Coke sought Fairbanks’ opinion on whether he thought their complaints justified. The outcome was that when D’Ewes Coke inherited the Dore and Totley Estates from his mother, who died in Sept 1818, he decided to acquiesce to the tenants’ request and actually visit the properties at the same time as Fairbanks to see the new survey plans.
From correspondence, accounts and the farm reports it is obvious that Peter Flint was just not coping with the running of the two amalgamated farms. Despite all the faults that Fairbanks found in 1818 he noted improvements since 1813, so it seems that Peter Flint was making an effort to make a go of things. The poor harvest of 1817 and increasing debt must have added additional worries to his heavy burden. He found his new Landlord very different to his previous masters. D’Ewes Coke was a hands-on sort of landowner and, as the Duke of Rutland’s land agent since 1811, very used to getting the best use out of the land. By the end of 1820 the writing was on the wall for Peter Flint. After a new survey and report on the Totley property made by John Wyck, D’Ewes Coke wrote to Fairbanks that “he speaks so unfavourably of its condition and possible management that I have stated to P. Flint my intention to remove him on Lady Day”. He asked Fairbanks if they could recommend an “industrious man” to take over though he proposed to keep the Hall in his own hands and let the farmhouse to the new tenant of the Farm. D’Ewes Coke mentioned taking on the three Trickett fields and maybe four or five more acres himself if it was desired to reduce the extent of the farm, perhaps acknowledging that it was overly large for one man to manage.
In 1821 when he left the farm, Peter Flint was 62 years old and had tenanted Totley Hall Estate Farm for well over 20 years. However, it seems that he was not left destitute. Dore Inclosure Award c1827 shows Peter Flint had a self-owned a house in Townhead Road above Cromwell Cottages with an adjacent garden and croft, as well as an allotment on Blackamoor. He was also a tenant of three fields in Totley (Upper, Middle and Nether Flatt) owned by Offley Shore, until his death in 1836, aged 78. He was buried in Dronfield but his wife Elizabeth, a midwife, outlived him.
After Peter Flint left the Totley Estate Farm the new tenant farmer appointed appears to be John Wilson.
Peter Flint wasn’t the only person to be given his marching orders due to inefficiency when D’Ewes Coke took a hand in setting the Totley Estate back on its feet. In 1831 D’Ewes Coke quarrelled with Surveyors and Agents Fairbanks. D’Ewes Coke had asked for a new map of the Totley Estate but, instead, Fairbanks produced new Maps of the Coke Estate in Dore and Brimington. D’Ewes sarcastically thanked them for these, but refused to pay, saying that it was the Totley map he wanted. He had been unimpressed by the 1813 map and had suggested previous errors should be rectified and adjacent landowners indicated. The 1809 map was merely a sketch by the farmer, while in 1818, Fairbanks had merely revised the 1813 map, renumbering the fields and providing a written report. Lord Middleton (Lord of the Manor) allowed his Agent to make a copy of his own 1821 Survey of Totley for D’Ewes Coke’s use instead, so a map of Totley by Fairbanks was no longer needed.
By 1831 the well-organized, efficient D’Ewes Coke, who didn’t suffer fools gladly, had had enough. The missing Totley map was the last straw and he dispensed with the services of Fairbanks. This put an end to an extremely fertile source of information regarding Totley Farm Estate in the early 19th century. It is possible to discover the names of future tenant farmers and owners using censuses and directories, but there are few details about the ups and downs of farming available for research as in the tenancy of Peter Flint.
Plan 1: Sheffield Archives – FC/CP 11(1)
Plan 2: Sheffield Archives – FC/CP 11(19)
Plan 3: Sheffield Archives – FC/DRO 73S
(Documents published by kind permission of Sheffield City Council, Libraries, Archives and Information)
Old Farm (i.e. Peter Flint's)
|Number||Field Name||Land Use||Rough Acreage|
|9||Near Stor Ley||Meadow||2.50|
|10||Far Stor Ley||Meadow||3.00|
|11||Upper Far Stor Ley||Meadow||3.50|
New Farm (Platt's)
|Number||Field Name||Land Use||Rough Acreage|
|21||Far Cecil Field||Meadow||4.00|
|24||Long Barn Field||Pasture||3.00|
|25||Three Acre Field||Pasture||2.50|
|Rev. D'Ewes Coke and wife||Farm 1: Peter Flint||c.1795-1811|
|Hannah, nee Heywood||Farm 2. Thomas Platt||c.1791-1807|
|1791-1811||Both farms: Peter Flint||1808-1811|
|Mrs Hannah Coke||Peter Flint||1811-1818|
|(Rentals went to Sir William|
|Coke, 2nd son of above|
|Chief Justice of Ceylon)|
|D'Ewes Coke||Peter Flint||1818-1821|
|(eldest son of Rev. D'Ewes||John Wilson||1821-1836|
|Francis Lillyman Coke||Charles Alsop (farm bailiff)||c.1857-1860|
|(eldest son of above)||Frederick Hunt||1861-1873|
|William Sacheverall Coke||Frederick Hunt||1873-1880|
|(2nd son of D'Ewes Coke)|
|William Kent Marples||No tenants|
|William Aldam Milner||William Smedley||c.1891|
On Wednesday 28th June, we welcome back Ann Beedham whose talk is called Days of Sunshine and Rain: Peak District Rambling in the 1920s, with words and photographs from the life of George Willis Marshall who was a keen walker and who took lots of photos in the 1920s and 1930s as he wandered the hills of Derbyshire with his friends. They were pioneers of the ‘right to roam’ and took part in the famous Kinder Trespass of 1932. The meeting is in Totley Library beginning at 7.30 p.m.
On Wednesday 26th July Alan Powell will tells us about The History of Newspapers in Sheffield. Alan is a former Editor of the Sheffield Telegraph and The Star newspapers and had a career of more than 44 years in journalism in Sheffield. The meeting as usual is in Totley Library beginning at 7.30 p.m. Non-members are welcome.
The first meeting after our summer break will be on Wednesday, 27th September when we present an illustrated talk by David Templeman called Mary, Queen of Scots: The Final Journey - From Sheffield to Fotheringhay (1584-1587). This talk relates the compelling tale of the events leading up to and including Mary’s trial and execution. Mary’s courage and conduct come to the fore as she takes her tragic story through Wingfield Manor, Tutbury Castle, Chartley Manor, Texall and culminating in the climax at Fotheringhay Castle where she is tried and executed for High Treason. But was she guilty? That is the question this talk addresses. The meeting is in Totley Library, starting at 7.30 p.m.
A recently discovered box of WWII correspondence reveals the story of how a small group of ladies from Dore and Totley recruited knitters from the west of Sheffield and how their efforts made them the country's greatest provider of Comforts for the Minesweeping crews of the Royal Navy. The story is told in Knit For Victory, a new book from Totley History Group. Written by Pauline Burnett, it has 82 pages and many illustrations. It is on sale in Totley Rise Post Office and local shops. Also available in Dore at the Village Store or direct via our website.
Since 1875 when there was only a Rolling Mill and Chemical Yard alongside the river a mile from Totley, the area has changed beyond anyone's imagination This book by Pauline Burnett tells the story of how it was named and grew into the community we know today. The Rise of Totley Rise has 94 pages including a useful index and is profusely illustrated throughout with many previously unpublished photographs from private collections.
The story is told in Totley War Memorial WW1 of the ten men from our village who gave their lives in the Great War. Written by Pauline Burnett, Jim Martin and Dorothy Prosser, a chapter is devoted to each of the soldiers with a family tree followed by as much information as could be discovered about the men and their families. There is also information about their military careers and the actions in which they lost their lives. The book has 64 pages and is illustrated throughout with photographs of the men, their families and the houses where they lived.
Ron Wijk of Nieuw-Vennep in the Netherlands has sent us two scanned images of drawings of old cottages made by the celebrated Dutch painter, Anton Pieck (1895-1987) simply annotated "Totley", and wondered whether we could identify their locations.
We would like to thank Christopher Rodgers for bringing to our attention this fascinating log of the 85th Sheffield (St. John's and Totley Orphanage) Wolf Cub Pack for 1927-45. The log is published jointly by Sheffield Scout Archives and Totley History Group as a free PDF download. It is illustrated by no fewer than 92 photographs and is supported by a comprehensive index and biographies of some of the main participants.
Following our Open Meeting event on School Days, Roger Hart, Howard Adams and John Timperley have each written to us with their memories of Norwood School, which was located in the rooms attached to the Dore & Totley United Reformed Church on Totley Brook Road.
On 22nd July 1909 the children of Dore and Totley Schools celebrated by a pageant the union of England under King Ecgbert which took place at Dore in AD 827. The pageant was devised and written by Mrs Sarah Milner and her daughter Marjorie and performed in a field close to Avenue Farm in front of a large audience. Photographs of the event survive together with a fragment of the script.
John Edward Greenwood Pinder had lived all 46 years of his life in Totley but on census night, Sunday 2 April 1911, he was not at home; he was in Derby Gaol serving a sentence of three months hard labour. From the age of 20, John had been in and out of local courts for a series of minor offences including drunkenness, assault, wilful damage and night poaching. Finally he was sent to gaol for cutting down and stealing 86 small trees which he sold in Sheffield market for Christmas.
We have already transcribed the census returns for Totley, Totley Rise and Dore. Now we have transcribed Census Strays. These are people who were born in Totley but are missing from our earlier transcriptions. They may have been living, working or studying elsewhere or just away from home on the night the census was taken. Two people were in prison. Others were in Union Workhouses, hospitals and asylums. Fully indexed strays from the 1851, 1861, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911 censuses are available now.
We wish to thank Gillian Walker for allowing us to digitize an archive of material about the 1st Totley Scout Group. Most of the material was collected by Arthur Percival Birley in the period 1949-51 and there are many interesting documents pertaining to the building of the scout hut on Totley Hall Lane. In addition four Newsletters survive, two from the 1940s and two from 1971.
We are grateful to Angela Waite and All Saints' Parish Church for giving us access to baptismal and kindergarten birthday rolls dating from 1926 to 1941. We have transcribed the names, addresses, birthdates and baptismal dates and created an alphabetical index of entries for you to search.
Edmund Sanderson, a Sheffield estate agent, aquired the land on either side of the old drive to Totley Grove in 1874 and divided it into plots for development. He called it the Totley Brook Estate. But before many houses were built, the estate road was severed in two by the building of the Dore & Chinley Railway line. The eastern end of the road became the cul-de-sac we now call Grove Road.
John Roberts was born in Sheffield in 1798. He became a partner in one of the leading silversmiths firms in the city before moving to Abbeydale Park in 1851 and extending the house in Victorian gothic style. He paid for the building of St. John's Church and was believed to dispense more in charity than any other person in the neighbourhood including his protege Ebenezer Hall.
The Coke Family owned the Totley Hall Estate from 1791 to 1881. With the aid of a family tree to guide us, Josie Dunsmore takes us through the story of their tenure.
When the Rev. D'Ewes Coke inherited the Totley Hall Estate in 1791 it had two farms. Josie Dunsmore tells the story of how the two farms were combined under the tenancy of Peter Flint with the aid of field maps drawn by Flint himself and later by the Fairbanks family.
Do you think you recognize this face? More than sixty photographs of the girls and teachers at Hurlfield Grammar School for Girls in the 1940s were given to Totley History Group by Avril Critchley, who was herself a student at the school. The collection includes fifteen form photographs from June 1949. There would have been a number of girls from the Totley area attending the school in those days.
Christine Weaving tells the story of her 2 x great uncle George Edward Hukin, a Totley razor-grinder, and his life-long friendship with the academic, poet, writer, and free-thinker Edward Carpenter.
Eric Renshaw (pictured here on the right with Bob Carr) grew up and lived in Totley from 1932 to 1960. Many of his memories are of a sporting nature.
We are very grateful to Gordon Grayson for giving us this splendid sale document for the Norton Hall Estates, following the death in 1850 of Samuel Shore. The estates included a large part of Totley and the document has maps and illustrations, plus schedules of land and property with the names of tenants. We have also added a transcription of the entries for Totley and Dore.
Watch this Youtube video of the talk given by Dr. Mark Frost and Sally Goldsmith on Ruskin, Totley and St. George's Farm. The talk was hosted by Totley History Group on 20th May 2015 as part of the Ruskin in Sheffield programme. Also enjoy a video of the outdoor performance Boots, Fresh Air & Ginger Beer written by Sally.
When Jacqueline A. Gibbons became interested in what made her father tick, it began a journey through WW1 archive records and led to her flying from Toronto to visit the house and village where he lived and the countryside that he so much enjoyed. Jacqueline reminds us that in the early 20th century Sheffield was a driving force of industry and that Totley was the place where many of its remarkable people lived and where they formulated their ideas.
Edgar Wood was the designer of The Dingle, 172 Prospect Road, built in 1904 for Rev. William Blackshaw, the founder of the Croft House Settlement. The house, together with its western terrace and boundary walls, has now been awarded Grade II listed building status.
What was probably "the most perfect little garden railway in existence" in 1910 was to be found in the grounds of Brook House, Grove Road, the home of its designer and constructor, Guy Mitchell. Look at some wonderful photographs and read reports in newspapers and a full appreciation in Model Railways magazine.
We have now completed our transcription of Totley School's Admission Records for the period from 1877 to 1914. There is also a useful index to the names of the scholars and to their parents or guardians. We are very grateful to Sheffield Archives and Local Studies Library for allowing us to transcribe and publish these records and for permission to reproduce the photograph of a specimen page of the register.
On 8, 9 and 11 November 2014 Totley History Group held an exhibition at Dore & Totley United Reformed Church to commemorate the centenary of the First World War. Below are additional links to some of the photographs we were lent and stories we researched especially for the exhibition.
Oscar Creswick was a local farmer who served with the Army Service Corps in Salonika and who after the war returned to Totley to become the innkeeper of the Cricket Inn and a member of the village's successful tug of war team.
Walter Evans was a market gardener who also ran a small grocery shop on Hillfoot Road when war broke out. He fought with the Machine Gun Corps at the fourth battle of Ypres. After the war, Walter ran a grocers shop at the top of Main Avenue.
Fred Cartwright was another Totley soldier who survived the Great War. He fought in France and Belgium and although he wasn't wounded he was gassed and was home on sick leave when his daughter was delivered by Nurse Jessop during a snowstorm in January 1917.
Maurice Johnson joined the Yorkshire Dragoons, a territorial unit, on 1 Jan 1914 and so was called up at the very start of the war. He fought throughout the war on the Somme, at Ypres and at Cambrai. After demobilization in 1919 Maurice returned to his old occupation the steel industry.
Bill Glossop lent us a letter written by his father, William Walton Glossop to his wife describing life in the army during training in the north east of England and asking her to keep him in mind with the children.
The photo above provides a link to an album of photographs taken of WW1 Hospitals at St. John's, Abbeydale and the Longshaw Estate.
Nora Green, of Chapel Lane, was only 14 when war broke out. In 1914 she was ill with diphtheria and was sent to the isolation hospital at Holmley Lane, Dronfield. Nora recovered and wrote a letter of thanks to one of the hospital staff and the reply she received survives.
We have collected together on this page the names of local men who appear on various War Memorials and Rolls of Honour in Totley, Dore, Abbeydale and Norton.
Unfortunately we were unable to identify all the photographs we were lent of Totley Soldiers. Please take a look at this album to see if you recognize any of the missing names.
This walk visits locations that have strong associations with Totley during the First World War. It includes the homes of the ten soldiers from the village who lost their lives, the auxiliary hospitals, war memorials, and even the rifle range on which the soldiers trained. Take a look at the first draft of a new walk by the authors of "Totley War Memorial WW1 1914-1918"
As we have nowhere to exhibit memorabilia and artifacts, we have decided to create a Virtual Museum instead, starting with old bottles that were found under the floor of the Old Infant School. Please contact us by email if you would like to see the real thing or have things that you own and would like to see added to the virtual museum.
We wish to thank the Trustees of Cherrytree for giving us permission to publish transcriptions of the Cherrytree Orphanage Admissions Book entries for the years 1866-1929. There is also an alphabetical index for you to look at.
Our transcriptions of local trade directories have been expanded to cover the 95 years from 1837-1932 and have also been indexed. From the days when there were a handful of farmers, stone masons, saw handle makers & scythe grinders to the wonders of the Totley Bridge Garage Company, Betty's Boudoir and The Heatherfield Shopping Centre.
We continue to add to our Totley Newspaper Archive. Recent entries have included several about John Roberts and the building of St. John's Church. There are several about the history of Brinkburn Grange and its first occupier, John Unwin Wing, an accountant who later lived at Totley Hall before being convicted of forgery and fraud and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment in Pentonville gaol. There are more than 50 articles from the 1880s and 1890s about Joseph Mountain and the Victoria Gardens, and twenty on the construction of the Totley Tunnel and the Dore and Chinley Railway.
Totley Church of England Parish Magazines for the years 1922-1939 and 1948-1967 with notices of births, marriages and deaths and accounts of spiritual, educational, charitable and social matters in the village.
Around 90 photographs taken by Stuart Greenhoff for his thesis A Geographical Study of Dore and Totley including several of Totley Moor Brickworks. Superb!
Chronologically ordered snippets of information recorded by Brian Edwards during his many years of research into our local history.
Read the inscriptions on more than 600 gravestones in the churchyard.
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