by Richard Maw
The first Thomas Earnshaw was born in 1816 in Dronfield, Derbyshire. An indenture dated 22 June 1829 between his father John Earnshaw and James Green, pen-knife grinder of Sheffield, witnessed his apprenticeship as a pen-knife grinder for a period of seven years. By 1840 he was living in Club Gardens, Sheffield and in that year his third child also called Thomas (the second) was born. In 1861 the family was living at the Ball Tavern, Carver Street, Sheffield and ten years later was at the Crown Inn, London Road, Sheffield. The second Thomas married Hannah Copley in 1861 and by 1871 the couple were living at 69 Broomhall Street. Thomas was then listed as a Fish and Game dealer.
Land at Totley
An indenture dated 2 April 1875 confirmed absolute sale by Thomas Andrews to Thomas Earnshaw of land and hereditaments at Totley measuring 2 acres, three roods (1 rood = quarter of an acre) and 14 1/2 perches (1 perch = approximately 30 and a quarter square yards) bounded to the north and east by land of Ebenezer Hall and to the south by the Baslow to Sheffield turnpike road (heretofore the land had been two pieces, Cawston Croft and Yew Croft); and on 31 December 1875 the freehold was conveyed to Thomas Earnshaw at a cost of £946 17 shillings and sixpence. There is another conveyance between Ebenezer Hall to Thomas Earnshaw of the freehold ground, buildings and hereditaments at Totley, dated 27 March 1878, of 3 acres and nine perches which included Moorview House and six cottages of Shrewsbury Terrace at a cost of £2,428. The land abutted Thomas Earnshaw’s previous purchase to the south. To the north and east was the land of Mr Ebenezer Hall.
On 26 March 1879, from Helen and Charles Beckett, Thomas Earnshaw purchased land of 1 acre together with a dwelling house and the terrace of houses facing the turnpike road and the Cross Scythes public house for £600, marked 174 on a plan referred to by Fowler and sons, Sheffield on September 21, 1879 (see picture below). Additionally from John Howard, Thomas purchased the land to the east of the one acre (marked 176 on the same plan) also facing the turnpike road, of 4 acres, 2 roods and 35 perches for £1500. Subsequently the house on the one-acre plot was demolished.
Between 1883 and 1888 Thomas Earnshaw built Totley Grange and its Lodge on the land he had purchased north of the Baslow to Sheffield turnpike road. He also built stables, a stable yard and a coach house accessed via Butts Hill past Cannon Hall Farm, together with a range of glasshouses within the walled garden. Later he built Grange Terrace; which was a row of eight houses, to the east of the existing Terrace on the one-acre plot, facing the turnpike road.
On 1 June 1885 the Sheffield Telegraph quoted “prize hothouse grapes grown by Mr Earnshaw of Totley Grange are now ready for cutting”. On 31 July 1890 the Telegraph quoted “Totley Grange gives its name to a variety of tomato”.
By 1881 Thomas and Hannah Earnshaw had moved to 89-91 Broomhall Street, Sheffield. Their children were Thomas (the third) born in 1865, Arthur in 1871, Hannah in 1875 and Bertha in 1881. Finally, Anne was born in 1884. In the 1891 census they were still living in Sheffield, But Thomas’s father (the first), aged 75 was living in Totley Grange Lodge. Thomas (the second) and Hannah’s eldest daughter, also Hannah, aged 16 was living with her aunt, Sarah Copley in their newly built Totley Grange, pictured below.
1892 saw many purchases by Thomas of different varieties of orchids, lilies and camellias for the glasshouses. Also in 1892 Thomas Earnshaw purchased three cottages in Butts Hill, Totley from George Boot for £260. One of these was known as Greens cottage (later, in 1989 a new house also called Greens Cottage was built on the site).
Thomas Earnshaw made very regular visits to the Grange from Sheffield; and on one of these, when checking the gardens, he was caught in the rain and developed a cold which progressed to pneumonia. He died on 3 May 1893 aged 58. The Evening Telegraph and Star of 5 May reported his funeral cortege leaving Broomhall Street for interment in Ecclesall churchyard. His obituary was recorded in the Sheffield and Rotherham Independent of 4 May 1893. It quotes “in 1875 such had been his success that he built an handsome residence in Totley, known as Totley Grange. Strange to say he only slept there once…”.
In addition to his freehold land and buildings in Totley he also owned freehold land and 59 houses or cottages in Sheffield with 28 other leasehold houses or shops.
The family continued to live in Totley Grange. Hannah Earnshaw, now widowed, with her children and their maternal aunt Sarah Copley. Their elder son Thomas (the third) took over the family fish and game business in Broomhall Street, Sheffield. The second son, Arthur, qualified as a Doctor of Medicine at Guys Hospital, London. The elder daughter, Hannah, married and moved to live in Vienna. Bertha continued to live in the Grange, was married and later moved to Baslow. Anne married and lived in Sheffield before moving to live in Moorview House, Totley. Their mother Hannah died in 1937.
In 1943 Totley Grange was used for essential war work by J.G. Graves, assembling wire bundles for a range of World War Two aircraft, and in 1948 the trustees of the Thomas Earnshaw (senior) trust converted Totley Grange into five flats.
On 6th of March 1953 the trustees signed a deed of exchange with the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and citizens of Sheffield for the compulsory purchase of the land in Totley to the south of the turnpike road for £444.10 shillings. This was the land purchased by Thomas Earnshaw in 1879 for £1500. It is now the site of Totley Primary School.
In 1965, Totley Grange, the Lodge, all of the outbuildings and gardens and approximately 6 acres were purchased by George Wimpey. The buildings were demolished and it now comprises 65 houses as the Totley Grange estate. Subsequently the houses in Grange and Shrewsbury Terraces and Moorview House have been sold, and finally the remaining one-acre plot behind Grange Terrace was sold.
(Great-grandson of the second Thomas Earnshaw)
On Wednesday, 26th February we shall welcome back Valerie Bayliss who will tell us about The Old Town Hall: Past, Present and Future. Sheffield’s Old Town Hall, the neglected building on the corner of Waingate and Castle Street has been empty since 1996 and has been allowed to get into a very poor state. Opened in 1808, this important building had a big part to play in Sheffield’s history and has lots of potential for new use. A campaign group, The Friends of the Old Town Hall, was formed in 2014 to save the building and to give it a commercial and community future. Valerie's talk begins at 7.30 p.m. in Totley Library.
On Wednesday, 25th March we are pleased to welcome back Penny Rea who will talk to us about The History and Residents of Zion Graveyard, Attercliffe. The graveyard is the final resting place of pioneering anti-slavery campaigner Mary Anne Rawson as well as a number of the City's early industrialists and influential non-conformist Christian radicals. The graveyard became engulfed by vegetation during many years of neglect following the demolition of the Zion Congregational Church in 1987. When it came up for sale recently, it was bought by The Friends of Zion Graveyard Attercliffe who hope to preserve it as both a monument to the area's lost heritage and as a mini-wildlife oasis in the most unlikely of settings. Penny's talk begins at 7.30 p.m. in Totley Library.
On Wednesday, 22 April Ann Beedham will give us an illustrated talk on The History of Stained Glass. Coloured glass has been made since the time of the Egyptians and the Romans but it gained widespread recognition with the spread of Christian churches. In England, many of these early works were destroyed in the 17th century by order of King Henry VIII after his break with the Catholic Church. During the movement of the Gothic revival many new styles were developed and the Victorians popularised the use of decorative stained glass windows and entrances in their homes. The meeting is in Totley Library and begins at 7.30pm with our AGM.
A recently discovered box of WWII correspondence reveals the story of how a small group of ladies from Dore and Totley recruited knitters from the west of Sheffield and how their efforts made them the country's greatest provider of Comforts for the Minesweeping crews of the Royal Navy. The story is told in Knit For Victory, a new book from Totley History Group. Written by Pauline Burnett, it has 82 pages and many illustrations. It is on sale in Totley Rise Post Office and local shops. Also available in Dore at the Village Store or direct via our website.
Since 1875 when there was only a Rolling Mill and Chemical Yard alongside the river a mile from Totley, the area has changed beyond anyone's imagination This book by Pauline Burnett tells the story of how it was named and grew into the community we know today. The Rise of Totley Rise has 94 pages including a useful index and is profusely illustrated throughout with many previously unpublished photographs from private collections.
The story is told in Totley War Memorial WW1 of the ten men from our village who gave their lives in the Great War. Written by Pauline Burnett, Jim Martin and Dorothy Prosser, a chapter is devoted to each of the soldiers with a family tree followed by as much information as could be discovered about the men and their families. There is also information about their military careers and the actions in which they lost their lives. The book has 64 pages and is illustrated throughout with photographs of the men, their families and the houses where they lived.
In 1832 Samuel Dean pleaded guilty to stealing a quantity of lead from the Totley Rolling Mill and was sentenced to seven years transportation to Australia. He sailed on the Mangles and upon arrival in New South Wales he was sent to work for William Cox, the famous English explorer and pioneer. After receiving his Certificate of Freedom in 1840, Samuel became a farmer and went on to have a very large family. Samuel was born in Whitechapel around 1811 to parents Samuel Dean Snr. and Susannah Duck. His descendant Sarah Dean would like help in tracing his ancestry.
Ellen Topham was born in 1889 in Nottingham. Her parents had been living together since 1862 but had never married so it was most unusual that, after their deaths, Ellen was accepted into Cherrytree Orphanage. Even more so since her father, Snowden Topham, had been acquitted somewhat unexpectedly in a widely reported manslaughter trial. Ellen remained at Cherrytree until her death from pulmonary tuberculosis at the age of 15.
Mabel Wilkes was a resident in Cherrytree Orphanage between 1897 and 1905. Her granddaughter Sally Knights sent us these images of a book presented to Mabel as a prize for her writing. Sally also sent us some personal memories of her grandmother and a photograph of a locket which contains portraits of Mabel and her husband Septimus Gale.
John Henry Manby Keighley was living at Avenue Farm when he enlisted in 1916. He fought in France with the Cheshire Regiment but after home leave in early 1918 he went missing. The Army were unable to determine whether he had deserted or returned to the front and been either killed or captured by the enemy. In August 1919 he was formally presumed killed in action but it appears he did not die but returned home to his family.
Horace Ford was admitted to Cherrytree Orphanage on 26 October 1888 at the age of six. He left at the age of 14 to become an apprentice blacksmith and farrier. Soon after his 18th birthday Horace enlisted in the Imperial Yeomanry to serve his country in the war in South Africa. His letter home to his Orphanage mentor tells of the lucky escape he had in battle.
Pat Skidmore (née Sampy) lived on Totley Brook Road from 1932 to 1948 before her family moved to Main Avenue. In this short article she remembers her time at Totley All Saints School where she was a contemporary of Eric Renshaw and Bob Carr.
As we have nowhere to exhibit memorabilia and artifacts, we have created a Virtual Museum instead. The latest addition to our collection is this double-sided Totley Rise Post Office oval illuminated sign which was on the wall of 67 Baslow Road before the Post Office business transferred to number 71. Please contact us by email if you have things that you own and would like to see added to the virtual museum.
Conway Plumbe was a man of many talents who came to live in Totley Rise around 1912. As a young man he had poems published by Punch magazine and is remembered in modern collections of WW1 poetry. A number of his paintings were accepted by the Royal Academy. An engineering graduate of London University, he joined the Civil Service where he rose to a high level as a factory inspector, publishing two books on the subject and giving a series of talks on workplace health and safety on BBC radio during WW2. In retirement he wrote a philosophical-spiritual work called Release From Time.
Inside Totley Rise Methodist Church there is a Roll of Honour commemorating the soldiers from its congregation who served their king and country during the Great War. For all but one of the 28 names the soldier's regiment is recorded in the next column. The exception is David Cockshott for whom 'killed in action' is written alongside yet he appears on no war memorial in our area and no record of a mortally wounded soldier of that name is to be found. We think we have solved the mystery.
Mrs. Kate Plumbe moved from Mansfield to Totley Rise with a number of her family in 1913 and became closely involved with the Totley Union Church. Her daughter Winifred became a missionary and headmistress in Calcutta for over 38 years following which she returned home to live with her sister Hilda on Furniss Avenue. Hilda had also been a teacher, missionary and, like her mother, a volunteer at St. John's VAD during WW1.
Thomas Glossop was a cutler and razor manufacturer who was well known amongst cricketing and gardening circles. Despite going blind, he was able to continue his hobbies with remarkable success
The Totley Union Cycling Society Prize Giving and Fete was held on the fields near Abbeydale Hall on 18 July 1914. Anne Rafferty and Gordon Wainwright have named some of the people in two wonderful photographs of the event. Can you identify any more for us?
The Tyzack family are well known in our area for owning iron and steel trades at Walk Mill, Abbeydale Works, Totley Rolling Mill and Totley Forge. This article covers the history of the family from the late 18th century when William Tyzack the founder of the company was born until the early 20th century when Joshua Tyzack farmed at Avenue Farm, Dore.
Walter Waller Marrison moved to Totley around 1897 with his wife and their two young sons. He was a house builder who constructed properties around Totley Brook and Greenoak before ill health forced him to take up less physically demanding work. In 1904 he took over the tenancy of the grocers and off licence at number 71 Baslow Road. After his death in 1908, his widow Kate and later their eldest son Jack continued to run the business until it was sold in 1934.
Ron Wijk of Nieuw-Vennep in the Netherlands has sent us two scanned images of drawings of old cottages made by the celebrated Dutch painter, Anton Pieck (1895-1987) simply annotated "Totley", and wondered whether we could identify their locations.
We would like to thank Christopher Rodgers for bringing to our attention this fascinating log of the 85th Sheffield (St. John's and Totley Orphanage) Wolf Cub Pack for 1927-45. The log is published jointly by Sheffield Scout Archives and Totley History Group as a free PDF download. It is illustrated by no fewer than 92 photographs and is supported by a comprehensive index and biographies of some of the main participants.
Following our Open Meeting event on School Days, Roger Hart, Howard Adams and John Timperley have each written to us with their memories of Norwood School, which was located in the rooms attached to the Dore & Totley United Reformed Church on Totley Brook Road.
On 22nd July 1909 the children of Dore and Totley Schools celebrated by a pageant the union of England under King Ecgbert which took place at Dore in AD 827. The pageant was devised and written by Mrs Sarah Milner and her daughter Marjorie and performed in a field close to Avenue Farm in front of a large audience. Photographs of the event survive together with a fragment of the script.
John Edward Greenwood Pinder had lived all 46 years of his life in Totley but on census night, Sunday 2 April 1911, he was not at home; he was in Derby Gaol serving a sentence of three months hard labour. From the age of 20, John had been in and out of local courts for a series of minor offences including drunkenness, assault, wilful damage and night poaching. Finally he was sent to gaol for cutting down and stealing 86 small trees which he sold in Sheffield market for Christmas.
We have already transcribed the census returns for Totley, Totley Rise and Dore. Now we have transcribed Census Strays. These are people who were born in Totley but are missing from our earlier transcriptions. They may have been living, working or studying elsewhere or just away from home on the night the census was taken. Two people were in prison. Others were in Union Workhouses, hospitals and asylums. Fully indexed strays from the 1851, 1861, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911 censuses are available now.
We wish to thank Gillian Walker for allowing us to digitize an archive of material about the 1st Totley Scout Group. Most of the material was collected by Arthur Percival Birley in the period 1949-51 and there are many interesting documents pertaining to the building of the scout hut on Totley Hall Lane. In addition four Newsletters survive, two from the 1940s and two from 1971.
We are grateful to Angela Waite and All Saints' Parish Church for giving us access to baptismal and kindergarten birthday rolls dating from 1926 to 1941. We have transcribed the names, addresses, birthdates and baptismal dates and created an alphabetical index of entries for you to search.
Edmund Sanderson, a Sheffield estate agent, aquired the land on either side of the old drive to Totley Grove in 1874 and divided it into plots for development. He called it the Totley Brook Estate. But before many houses were built, the estate road was severed in two by the building of the Dore & Chinley Railway line. The eastern end of the road became the cul-de-sac we now call Grove Road.
John Roberts was born in Sheffield in 1798. He became a partner in one of the leading silversmiths firms in the city before moving to Abbeydale Park in 1851 and extending the house in Victorian gothic style. He paid for the building of St. John's Church and was believed to dispense more in charity than any other person in the neighbourhood including his protege Ebenezer Hall.
The Coke Family owned the Totley Hall Estate from 1791 to 1881. With the aid of a family tree to guide us, Josie Dunsmore takes us through the story of their tenure.
When the Rev. D'Ewes Coke inherited the Totley Hall Estate in 1791 it had two farms. Josie Dunsmore tells the story of how the two farms were combined under the tenancy of Peter Flint with the aid of field maps drawn by Flint himself and later by the Fairbanks family.
Do you think you recognize this face? More than sixty photographs of the girls and teachers at Hurlfield Grammar School for Girls in the 1940s were given to Totley History Group by Avril Critchley, who was herself a student at the school. The collection includes fifteen form photographs from June 1949. There would have been a number of girls from the Totley area attending the school in those days.
Christine Weaving tells the story of her 2 x great uncle George Edward Hukin, a Totley razor-grinder, and his life-long friendship with the academic, poet, writer, and free-thinker Edward Carpenter.
Eric Renshaw (pictured here on the right with Bob Carr) grew up and lived in Totley from 1932 to 1960. Many of his memories are of a sporting nature.
We are very grateful to Gordon Grayson for giving us this splendid sale document for the Norton Hall Estates, following the death in 1850 of Samuel Shore. The estates included a large part of Totley and the document has maps and illustrations, plus schedules of land and property with the names of tenants. We have also added a transcription of the entries for Totley and Dore.
Watch this Youtube video of the talk given by Dr. Mark Frost and Sally Goldsmith on Ruskin, Totley and St. George's Farm. The talk was hosted by Totley History Group on 20th May 2015 as part of the Ruskin in Sheffield programme. Also enjoy a video of the outdoor performance Boots, Fresh Air & Ginger Beer written by Sally.
When Jacqueline A. Gibbons became interested in what made her father tick, it began a journey through WW1 archive records and led to her flying from Toronto to visit the house and village where he lived and the countryside that he so much enjoyed. Jacqueline reminds us that in the early 20th century Sheffield was a driving force of industry and that Totley was the place where many of its remarkable people lived and where they formulated their ideas.
Edgar Wood was the designer of The Dingle, 172 Prospect Road, built in 1904 for Rev. William Blackshaw, the founder of the Croft House Settlement. The house, together with its western terrace and boundary walls, has now been awarded Grade II listed building status.
What was probably "the most perfect little garden railway in existence" in 1910 was to be found in the grounds of Brook House, Grove Road, the home of its designer and constructor, Guy Mitchell. Look at some wonderful photographs and read reports in newspapers and a full appreciation in Model Railways magazine.
We have now completed our transcription of Totley School's Admission Records for the period from 1877 to 1914. There is also a useful index to the names of the scholars and to their parents or guardians. We are very grateful to Sheffield Archives and Local Studies Library for allowing us to transcribe and publish these records and for permission to reproduce the photograph of a specimen page of the register.
On 8, 9 and 11 November 2014 Totley History Group held an exhibition at Dore & Totley United Reformed Church to commemorate the centenary of the First World War. Below are additional links to some of the photographs we were lent and stories we researched especially for the exhibition.
Oscar Creswick was a local farmer who served with the Army Service Corps in Salonika and who after the war returned to Totley to become the innkeeper of the Cricket Inn and a member of the village's successful tug of war team.
Walter Evans was a market gardener who also ran a small grocery shop on Hillfoot Road when war broke out. He fought with the Machine Gun Corps at the fourth battle of Ypres. After the war, Walter ran a grocers shop at the top of Main Avenue.
Fred Cartwright was another Totley soldier who survived the Great War. He fought in France and Belgium and although he wasn't wounded he was gassed and was home on sick leave when his daughter was delivered by Nurse Jessop during a snowstorm in January 1917.
Maurice Johnson joined the Yorkshire Dragoons, a territorial unit, on 1 Jan 1914 and so was called up at the very start of the war. He fought throughout the war on the Somme, at Ypres and at Cambrai. After demobilization in 1919 Maurice returned to his old occupation in the steel industry.
Bill Glossop lent us a letter written by his father, William Walton Glossop to his wife describing life in the army during training in the north east of England and asking her to keep him in mind with the children.
The photo above provides a link to an album of photographs taken of WW1 Hospitals at St. John's, Abbeydale and the Longshaw Estate.
Nora Green, of Chapel Lane, was only 14 when war broke out. In 1914 she was ill with diphtheria and was sent to the isolation hospital at Holmley Lane, Dronfield. Nora recovered and wrote a letter of thanks to one of the hospital staff and the reply she received survives.
We have collected together on this page the names of local men who appear on various War Memorials and Rolls of Honour in Totley, Dore, Abbeydale, Norton, Holmesfield and Dronfield.
Unfortunately we were unable to identify all the photographs we were lent of Totley Soldiers. Please take a look at this album to see if you recognize any of the missing names.
This walk visits locations that have strong associations with Totley during the First World War. It includes the homes of the ten soldiers from the village who lost their lives, the auxiliary hospitals, war memorials, and even the rifle range on which the soldiers trained. Take a look at the first draft of a new walk by the authors of "Totley War Memorial WW1 1914-1918"
We wish to thank the Trustees of Cherrytree for giving us permission to publish transcriptions of the Cherrytree Orphanage Admissions Book entries for the years 1866-1929. There is also an alphabetical index for you to look at.
Our transcriptions of local trade directories have been expanded to cover the 95 years from 1837-1932 and have also been indexed. From the days when there were a handful of farmers, stone masons, saw handle makers & scythe grinders to the wonders of the Totley Bridge Garage Company, Betty's Boudoir and The Heatherfield Shopping Centre.
Totley Church of England Parish Magazines for the years 1922-1939 and 1948-1967 with notices of births, marriages and deaths and accounts of spiritual, educational, charitable and social matters in the village.
Around 90 photographs taken by Stuart Greenhoff for his thesis A Geographical Study of Dore and Totley including several of Totley Moor Brickworks. Superb!
Chronologically ordered snippets of information recorded by Brian Edwards during his many years of research into our local history.
Read the inscriptions on more than 700 gravestones in the churchyard.
Visitors since 24 Sep 2012: