Totley History Group
Totley History Group

The Smith, Hill and Bown Families of Totley

The Smith Family. Back left to right: Charles jnr, William and father Charles. Front: Annie, Nellie, Louie on mother Lucy's knee.(photo courtesy of Mary Robinson)

An enquiry from Sandra Woods on behalf of a friend has led to an interesting search in various records. The original enquiry stated that James Smith married Mabel Howarth on 8 December 1945 and gave his address as The Old School House, Hall Lane, Totley, and his father's name as Charles Smith. Nothing else of the Smith family prior to 1945 was known; could we help. 

 

The Smiths
We hold a copy of the Electoral Register for 1936-37 and, on checking it, there was Charles Smith at the Old School House with Lucy Isabella Smith and William Smith. A search of Christ Church, Dore parish records produced a marriage for Charles Smith, son of Thomas Smith, to Lucy Isabel Hill, daughter of Charles Hill (deceased) on 7 May 1906. The baptism registers showed five children being born to the couple: Charles in 1907, Annie in 1909, William in 1914, Louie in 1916 and James in 1922. Charles Smith's occupation in 1907 and 1909 was coachman, very probably employed by William Aldam Milner of Totley Hall. Subsequently we traced another daughter, Nellie, born in 1913 but the baptism is not in the Christ Church parish register.

 

The 1911 Census shows Charles and Lucy Smith with Charles junior and Annie living on Hall Lane, Totley and Charles's occupation is given as groom. He was not a local man being born in Fimber, Lincolnshire sometime in 1880.

 

At this point we received an email from Mary Robinson who had seen a posting about the enquiry on our website. Mary is the daughter of Louie Smith and granddaughter of Charles and Lucy. She tells us that Charles, who was known as Charlie, came to Totley in 1901 as a butcher and journeyman lodging with Charles and Hannah Hailstone at Totley Rise. After their marriage, Charlie and Lucy lived in Grange Terrace for two years and from there they moved to the Old School House.

 

Charlie Smith worked as a pit pony man at the gannister mine but he also did other part time jobs, helping with haymaking in summer and killing pigs for local butchers. On Mondays, if he was not working at the mine, he walked to Bakewell Market to drive home the cows bought there by local farmers. This was a distance of about twelve miles each way! Mary says that he was always relieved to get back over the moors before darkness fell.

 

The Smith family had moved to one of the row of cottages at Lane Head by 1914 when William was baptized and Charlie was recorded as a miner. When son James was baptized in 1922 Charlie was shown as a gannister miner. Another daughter, Jessie, was born in 1925 but her baptism is not in the Dore Parish Record transcriptions.

 

The Smith family were next door neighbours of the Salts and mentioned several times by Jo Rundle (nee Salt) in her articles for the Totley Independent and her book A Chip Off the Old Block. One snippet says that Annie Smith died of meningitis and a check in Dore Burial Registers indeed shows Annie's burial on 20 July 1920, aged 10.

 

The Smith family moved back to the Old School House in or around 1932 according to Mrs. Erica Hillman in a letter to Totley Independent in November 2011. Charlie and Lucy both died in 1943, Lucy in August and Charles in December. They are buried in the churchyard at Dore but, so far, we have been unable to find their gravestone.

 

Lucy Isobel Hill
Lucy Isabel Hill was the daughter of Charles Henry Hill and his wife Hannah Eliza Bown. She was baptized at Christ Church, Dore on 1 July 1885. Lucy's father, Charles Hill was a fruit merchant and the family lived at Holly Mount, Bradway Bank. Lucy was their third child; her brother Charles Thomas Rowland Hill was born in April 1881 but he lived for only seven months.

 

Lucy's older sister, Florence Lilian, was born in 1885 when Charles Hill was a fruiterer living at Totley Rise. The Hills moved to South Street in the Park district of Sheffield. Charles died there on 5 August 1890 and Annie was left with two small children. We have been unable to find the family in the 1891 Census but in 1901, the 17 year old Lucy Hill was living with James and Mary Ann Larder at Grange Terrace, Totley as their adopted daughter. In 1906 she married Charlie Smith at Christ Church, Dore.

 

Hannah Eliza Bown
Lucy's mother, Hannah Eliza Bown, sometimes known as Annie, was the oldest daughter of Thomas Bown and his wife Jane, nee Wood. Hannah was baptized at Christ Church, Dore on 30 November 1861. Her parents, Thomas and Jane were married in 1861 in Bawtry, which was where Jane's own parents George and Hannah Wood were living.

 

More children were born to Thomas and Jane Bown. George Henry was baptized at Christ Church on 10 January 1864 and Mary Elizabeth on 6 Mar 1870. Another son, John Charles, does not appear in the baptism transcriptions but his burial is recorded, aged 6 weeks, on 17 August 1874.

 

Another son was born who also died in early infancy: Tom Edward was baptized on 21 December 1875 and buried on 11 July 1876. Tom William was born next being baptized on 21 October 1877. Then after a gap of several years, Emily Ethel Bown was baptized in 1882 but she too survived for only a short time; her burial was on 5 August 1882 aged 5 weeks.

 

Hannah Bown grew up at the Cross Scythes where her father Thomas was a publican, farmer and blacksmith. In the 1871 Census, she is listed as a scholar so may possibly have attended Totley School when it was still in the Old School House in Hall Lane. On 6 October 1880, when aged 19, she married Charles Henry Hill, a 20 year old fruit and potato merchant and by the time of the census the following year, the couple were living at 185 South Street, Park, Sheffield with their two month old son Charles Thomas Rowland Hill and a young servant called Mary Eaton. Sadly their baby son died and was buried at Christ Church, Dore on 7 September 1881 aged only 7 months.

 

By the time their daughter Florence Lilian was baptized at Christ Church on 22 June 1883, the family were living at Totley Rise. When Lucy Isabel was baptized on 1 July 1885 the Hill family were shown as living at Holly Mount, Bradway Bank, on what later became Queen Victoria Road. Between 1885 and 1890 they moved back to Sheffield again and on 5 August 1890 Charles died at 64 South Street. He left a will with an estate of £132 8s. 10d. so Hannah was not left destitute.

 

There is no sign, so far, of Hannah Hill and her two daughters in the 1891 Census. We next hear of her on 27 April 1892 when she married William Smedley, a 41 year old widower, at Christ Church Dore. William was a farm bailiff and the couple set up home at Totley Hall Farm. A daughter, Dorothy Jane, was baptized on 21 Feb 1894 and in late 1895 a second daughter Mary Louisa was born. The year 1898 brought more tragedy for Hannah when her husband William died at the age of 48. He is buried at Dore churchyard in the same grave as his first wife, Mary Jane.

 

In 1901 Hannah Smedley was a servant to Fanny Spooner on Bolehill Road in Crookes, Sheffield and her daughter Hannah, known as Jennie, is with her. Daughter Florence Hill was a servant to Harry Wilson in William Street, Sheffield. Lucy Hill and Mary Louisa Smedley are both living with James and Mary Ann Larder in Totley. Sisters Mary Louisa and Jennie Smedley were pupils together at Totley School in the early 1900s, Jennie having previously been at Walkley School Board.

 

So far we haven't been able to find either Hannah Smedley or her daughter Florence Hill in the 1911 Census but Jennie Smedley was working as a servant for William Ogden in Darnall and Lucy of course was married to Charles Smith by this time. Between 1911 and 1919 Jennie moved to Newcastle Upon Tyne where she married Martin H. Ashbourne. They went to live in Rotherham and had two sons: Dennis, who died as a baby, and Arthur. Mary Louisa Smedley also married and emigrated to Canada.

 

Early in 1925, Hannah Smedley married, for a third time, to William J. Jarvis. They lived in Oxfordshire and were married for twenty years before they both died in 1945, William in the first quarter aged 86 and Hannah in the third quarter aged 85.

 

Thomas and Jane Bown family gravestone, Dore churchyard

 

Thomas Bown
Thomas Bown was baptized at Christ Church, Dore on 6 May 1838, the second of Henry and Eliza Bown's eleven children. Henry Bown was born in Hognaston, Derbyshire circa 1816 and Eliza was born in Cheadle, Staffordshire circa 1817. They were married at Ashbourne Parish Church on 19 October 1835 and must have moved to Totley shortly after their marriage. In 1841 Henry was working as a labourer and in 1851 he was a banksman at a coal mine. By 1861 Henry and Eliza had moved to Abbey Houses, Beauchief, and Henry had become an overlooker in a brickyard. 

In 1851, twelve year old Thomas Bown was a farm servant in Dore working for Joseph Hancock on Causeway Head.

 

By 1861 he had become a blacksmith and was back in Totley again. In that year he married Jane Wood, daughter of George and Hannah Wood, in Bawtry. They may have met when Jane was living at the Parsonage in the household of Rev. John Aldred, the Perpetual Curate of Dore. Although Jane was listed as a visitor in the census, her occupation was Ladies Maid so she may have been employed by Mrs. Aldred. 

 

By 1871, Thomas Bown was a farmer, publican and blacksmith at the Cross Scythes where he and his family remained for many years. Eventually Thomas and Jane left Totley and moved to Sheffield and in 1901 they were running a pub/hotel on West Street. Jane Bown died in 1905 and was buried in Dore churchyard on 27 August. Perhaps it was at this time that Thomas decided to retire as in 1911 he was living at 46 Hands Road in Sheffield with his daughter Margaret Jane Clynes and her family. On 4 August 1915, Thomas made his final journey when he came to be buried beside his wife Jane in Dore. 
   

Latest News

On Wednesday 28th June, we welcome back Ann Beedham whose talk is called Days of Sunshine and Rain: Peak District Rambling in the 1920s, with words and photographs from the life of George Willis Marshall who was a keen walker and who took lots of photos in the 1920s and 1930s as he wandered the hills of Derbyshire with his friends. They were pioneers of the ‘right to roam’ and took part in the famous Kinder Trespass of 1932. The meeting is in Totley Library beginning at 7.30 p.m.

 

On Wednesday 26th July Alan Powell will tells us about The History of Newspapers in Sheffield. Alan is a former Editor of the Sheffield Telegraph and The Star newspapers and had a career of more than 44 years in journalism in Sheffield. The meeting as usual is in Totley Library beginning at 7.30 p.m. Non-members are welcome.

 

The first meeting after our summer break will be on Wednesday, 27th September when we present an illustrated talk by David Templeman called Mary, Queen of Scots: The Final Journey - From Sheffield to Fotheringhay (1584-1587). This talk relates the compelling tale of the events leading up to and including Mary’s trial and execution. Mary’s courage and conduct come to the fore as she takes her tragic story through Wingfield Manor, Tutbury Castle, Chartley Manor, Texall and culminating in the climax at Fotheringhay Castle where she is tried and executed for High Treason. But was she guilty? That is the question this talk addresses. The meeting is in Totley Library, starting at 7.30 p.m. 

A recently discovered box of WWII correspondence reveals the story of how a small group of ladies from Dore and Totley recruited knitters from the west of Sheffield and how their efforts made them the country's greatest provider of Comforts for the Minesweeping crews of the Royal Navy. The story is told in Knit For Victory, a new book from Totley History Group. Written by Pauline Burnett, it has 82 pages and many illustrations. It is on sale in Totley Rise Post Office and local shops. Also available in Dore at the Village Store or direct via our website.

Since 1875 when there was only a Rolling Mill and Chemical Yard alongside the river a mile from Totley, the area has changed beyond anyone's imagination  This book by Pauline Burnett tells the story of how it was named and grew into the community we know today. The Rise of Totley Rise has 94 pages including a useful index and is profusely illustrated throughout with many previously unpublished photographs from private collections. 

The story is told in Totley War Memorial WW1 of the ten men from our village who gave their lives in the Great War. Written by Pauline Burnett, Jim Martin and Dorothy Prosser, a chapter is devoted to each of the soldiers with a family tree followed by as much information as could be discovered about the men and their families. There is also information about their military careers and the actions in which they lost their lives. The book has 64 pages and is illustrated throughout with photographs of the men, their families and the houses where they lived.

Ron Wijk of Nieuw-Vennep in the Netherlands has sent us two scanned images of drawings of old cottages made by the celebrated Dutch painter, Anton Pieck (1895-1987) simply annotated "Totley", and wondered whether we could identify their locations.

We would like to thank Christopher Rodgers for bringing to our attention this fascinating log of the 85th Sheffield (St. John's and Totley Orphanage) Wolf Cub Pack for 1927-45. The log is published jointly by Sheffield Scout Archives and Totley History Group as a free PDF download. It is illustrated by no fewer than 92 photographs and is supported by a comprehensive index and biographies of some of the main participants.

Following our Open Meeting event on School Days, Roger Hart, Howard Adams and John Timperley have each written to us with their memories of Norwood School, which was located in the rooms attached to the Dore & Totley United Reformed Church on Totley Brook Road. 

On 22nd July 1909 the children of Dore and Totley Schools celebrated by a pageant the union of England under King Ecgbert which took place at Dore in AD 827. The pageant was devised and written by Mrs Sarah Milner and her daughter Marjorie and performed in a field close to Avenue Farm in front of a large audience. Photographs of the event survive together with a fragment of the script.

John Edward Greenwood Pinder had lived all 46 years of his life in Totley but on census night, Sunday 2 April 1911, he was not at home; he was in Derby Gaol serving a sentence of three months hard labour. From the age of 20, John had been in and out of local courts for a series of minor offences including drunkenness, assault, wilful damage and night poaching. Finally he was sent to gaol for cutting down and stealing 86 small trees which he sold in Sheffield market for Christmas.

We have already transcribed the census returns for Totley, Totley Rise and Dore. Now we have transcribed Census Strays. These are people who were born in Totley but are missing from our earlier transcriptions. They may have been living, working or studying elsewhere or just away from home on the night the census was taken. Two people were in prison. Others were in Union Workhouses, hospitals and asylums. Fully indexed strays from the 1851, 1861, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911 censuses are available now. 

We wish to thank Gillian Walker for allowing us to digitize an archive of material about the 1st Totley Scout Group. Most of the material was collected by Arthur Percival Birley in the period 1949-51 and there are many interesting documents pertaining to the building of the scout hut on Totley Hall Lane. In addition four Newsletters survive, two from the 1940s and two from 1971.

We are grateful to Angela Waite and All Saints' Parish Church for giving us access to baptismal and kindergarten birthday rolls dating from 1926 to 1941. We have transcribed the names, addresses, birthdates and baptismal dates and created an alphabetical index of entries for you to search. 

Edmund Sanderson, a Sheffield estate agent, aquired the land on either side of the old drive to Totley Grove in 1874 and divided it into plots for development. He called it the Totley Brook Estate. But before many houses were built, the estate road was severed in two by the building of the Dore & Chinley Railway line. The eastern end of the road became the cul-de-sac we now call Grove Road

John Roberts was born in Sheffield in 1798. He became a partner in one of the leading silversmiths firms in the city before moving to Abbeydale Park in 1851 and extending the house in Victorian gothic style. He paid for the building of St. John's Church and was believed to dispense more in charity than any other person in the neighbourhood including his protege Ebenezer Hall.

The Coke Family owned the Totley Hall Estate from 1791 to 1881. With the aid of a family tree to guide us, Josie Dunsmore takes us through the story of their tenure. 

When the Rev. D'Ewes Coke inherited the Totley Hall Estate in 1791 it had two farms. Josie Dunsmore tells the story of how the two farms were combined under the tenancy of Peter Flint with the aid of field maps drawn by Flint himself and later by the Fairbanks family.

Do you think you recognize this face? More than sixty photographs of the girls and teachers at Hurlfield Grammar School for Girls in the 1940s were given to Totley History Group by Avril Critchley, who was herself a student at the school. The collection includes fifteen form photographs from June 1949. There would have been a number of girls from the Totley area attending the school in those days.

Christine Weaving tells the story of her 2 x great uncle George Edward Hukin, a Totley razor-grinder, and his life-long friendship with the academic, poet, writer, and free-thinker Edward Carpenter.

Eric Renshaw (pictured here on the right with Bob Carr) grew up and lived in Totley from 1932 to 1960. Many of his memories are of a sporting nature.

We are very grateful to Gordon Grayson for giving us this splendid sale document for the Norton Hall Estates, following the death in 1850 of Samuel Shore. The estates included a large part of Totley and the document has maps and illustrations, plus schedules of land and property with the names of tenants. We have also added a transcription of the entries for Totley and Dore. 

Watch this Youtube video of the talk given by Dr. Mark Frost and Sally Goldsmith on Ruskin, Totley and St. George's Farm. The talk was hosted by Totley History Group on 20th May 2015 as part of the Ruskin in Sheffield programme. Also enjoy a video of the outdoor performance Boots, Fresh Air & Ginger Beer written by Sally.

When Jacqueline A. Gibbons became interested in what made her father tick, it began a journey through WW1 archive records and led to her flying from Toronto to visit the house and village where he lived and the countryside that he so much enjoyed. Jacqueline reminds us that in the early 20th century Sheffield was a driving force of industry and that Totley was the place where many of its remarkable people lived and where they formulated their ideas.

Edgar Wood was the designer of The Dingle, 172 Prospect Road, built in 1904 for Rev. William Blackshaw, the founder of the Croft House Settlement. The house, together with its western terrace and boundary walls, has now been awarded Grade II listed building status. 

What was probably "the most perfect little garden railway in existence" in 1910 was to be found in the grounds of Brook House, Grove Road, the home of its designer and constructor, Guy Mitchell. Look at some wonderful photographs and read reports in newspapers and a full appreciation in Model Railways magazine. 

We have now completed our transcription of Totley School's Admission Records for the period from 1877 to 1914. There is also a useful index to the names of the scholars and to their parents or guardians. We are very grateful to Sheffield Archives and Local Studies Library for allowing us to transcribe and publish these records and for permission to reproduce the photograph of a specimen page of the register.

On 8, 9 and 11 November 2014 Totley History Group held an exhibition at Dore & Totley United Reformed Church to commemorate the centenary of the First World War. Below are additional links to some of the photographs we were lent and stories we researched especially for the exhibition.

 

Oscar Creswick was a local farmer who served with the Army Service Corps in Salonika and who after the war returned to Totley to become the innkeeper of the Cricket Inn and a member of the village's successful tug of war team.

 

 

Walter Evans was a market gardener who also ran a small grocery shop on Hillfoot Road when war broke out. He fought with the Machine Gun Corps at the fourth battle of Ypres. After the war, Walter ran a grocers shop at the top of Main Avenue.

 

 

 

Fred Cartwright was another Totley soldier who survived the Great War. He fought in France and Belgium and although he wasn't wounded he was gassed and was home on sick leave when his daughter was delivered by Nurse Jessop during a snowstorm in January 1917.

 

 

Maurice Johnson joined the Yorkshire Dragoons, a territorial unit, on 1 Jan 1914 and so was called up at the very start of the war. He fought throughout the war on the Somme, at Ypres and at Cambrai. After demobilization in 1919 Maurice returned to his old occupation the steel industry.

 

 

Bill Glossop lent us a letter written by his father, William Walton Glossop to his wife describing life in the army during training in the north east of England and asking her to keep him in mind with the children.

 

 

The photo above provides a link to an album of photographs taken of WW1 Hospitals at St. John's, Abbeydale and the Longshaw Estate.

 

 

Nora Green, of Chapel Lane, was only 14 when war broke out. In 1914 she was ill with diphtheria and was sent to the isolation hospital at Holmley Lane, Dronfield. Nora recovered and wrote a letter of thanks to one of the hospital staff and the reply she received survives. 

 

 

We have collected together on this page the names of local men who appear on various War Memorials and Rolls of Honour in Totley, Dore, Abbeydale and Norton.

 

 

Unfortunately we were unable to identify all the photographs we were lent of Totley Soldiers. Please take a look at this album to see if you recognize any of the missing names.

This walk visits locations that have strong associations with Totley during the First World War. It includes the homes of the ten soldiers from the village who lost their lives, the auxiliary hospitals, war memorials, and even the rifle range on which the soldiers trained. Take a look at the first draft of a new walk by the authors of "Totley War Memorial WW1 1914-1918"

As we have nowhere to exhibit memorabilia and artifacts, we have decided to create a Virtual Museum instead, starting with old bottles that were found under the floor of the Old Infant School. Please contact us by email if you would like to see the real thing or have things that you own and would like to see added to the virtual museum.

We wish to thank the Trustees of Cherrytree for giving us permission to publish transcriptions of the Cherrytree Orphanage Admissions Book entries for the years 1866-1929. There is also an alphabetical index for you to look at.

With more people having access to faster broadband and mobile networks, we have uploaded seven full and unedited oral history recordings and also added more short excerpts for you to listen to.

Our transcriptions of local trade directories have been expanded to cover the 95 years from 1837-1932 and have also been indexed. From the days when there were a handful of farmers, stone masons, saw handle makers & scythe grinders to the wonders of the Totley Bridge Garage Company, Betty's Boudoir and The Heatherfield Shopping Centre.

We continue to add to our Totley Newspaper Archive. Recent entries have included several about John Roberts and the building of St. John's Church. There are several about the history of Brinkburn Grange and its first occupier, John Unwin Wing, an accountant who later lived at Totley Hall before being convicted of forgery and fraud and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment in Pentonville gaol. There are more than 50 articles from the 1880s and 1890s about Joseph Mountain and the Victoria Gardens, and twenty on the construction of the Totley Tunnel and the Dore and Chinley Railway.

Totley Church of England Parish Magazines for the years 1922-1939 and 1948-1967 with notices of births, marriages and deaths and accounts of spiritual, educational, charitable and social matters in the village. 

Around 90 photographs taken by Stuart Greenhoff for his thesis A Geographical Study of Dore and Totley including several of Totley Moor Brickworks. Superb!  

Chronologically ordered snippets of information recorded by Brian Edwards during his many years of research into our local history.

Read the inscriptions on more than 600 gravestones in  the churchyard.

 

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